Skip Navigation |Campus Map |A to Z |Directory
UAA  	Logo
undefined
Alaska Quarterly Review

VOLUME 17 - NO. 3 & 4

Alaska Native Writers, Storytellers & Orators
The Expanded Edition

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Editor's Note 

Ronald Spatz 


INTRODUCTION

  

Literary Gambling Sticks

Gerald Vizenor


Gerald Vizenor is a professor of Native American literature at the University of California, Berkeley. He is the author of more than twenty books on native history and literature, including Manifest Manners: Narratives on Postindian Survivance. His novel, Griever: An American Monkey King in China, won the American Book Award. His most recent book is Fugitive Poses: Native American Indian Scenes of Absence and Presence.

ORAL TRADITIONS AND WRITTEN TEXTS

I·ya·qdalahgayu·,dati'q'lagada'a·linu· —Lament for Eyak (with facing translation in Eyak)

Anna Nelson Harry



Lake-Dwarves



Giant Rat


 


Anna Nelson Harry, Eyak from Cordova and Yakutat, Alaska.



Kul K'aluudaay — Moldy Collar Tip (with facing translation in Haida)


Victor Haldane 


Fish Story: Karta Bay


 


Shag and the Raven


 


Story of the Double Fin Killer Whale 


 

Victor Haldane, Haida from Hydaburg, Alaska.


Beaver and Ground Hog Were Pals

 

Jessie Neal Natkong

Jessie Neal Natkong, Haida from Hydaburg, Alaska.


Haida Hunters and Legend of the Two Fin Killer Whale


George Hamilton


George Hamilton, Haida from Craig, Alaska.


Yéil ka Láx' Kéet Yaanaayí x' eidax sh kalnéek Keixwnéich kawshixít — Raven, Seagull and Crane (with facing translation in Tlingit)


Willie Marks


Willie Marks, Tlingit from Hoonah, Alaska.


Speech for the Removal of Grief


David Kadashan


David Kadashan, Tlingit from Hoonah, Alaska.


Speech for the Removal of Grief


Jessie Dalton


Jessi Dalton, Tlingit from Hoonah, Alaska.


Speech for the Removal of Grief


Austin Hammond


Austin Hammond, Tlingit from Haines, Alaska.


Nda ckshun Tckaimson dis                
Laggabula
— When Tckaimson and Laggabula Gambled
(with facing translation in Tsimshian)


William Beynon


William Beynon, Tsimshian from Victoria, British Columbia, Canada.


Tsetsaut History: The Forgotten Tribe of Southeast Alaska


Reginald Dangeli


Reginald Dangeli, Tsimshian/Tsetsaut from Tombstone Bay, Portland Canal, Alaska.


Sagim Tayaguu Uluuqidax —  The Man of Sagix Dried Meat (with facing translation in Unangan/Aleut)


Isidor Solovyov


Isidor Solovyov, Unangan/Aleut from Akutan, Alaska.


Atkan Historical Traditions 


Cedor L. Snigaroff


Cedor L. Snigaroff, Unangas/Aleut from Atka, Alaska.


Pugla' allria (with facing transaltion in Alutiiq/Sugcestum)


Ignatius Kosbruk


Ignatius Kosbruk, Alutiiq from Perryville, Alaska.


Ivan Durak Steals a Ring 


Dick Kamluck, Sr.


Dick Kamluck, Sr., Sugpiaq/Alutiiq from Port Graham, Alaska.


A Bear Story 


Walter Meganack, Sr.


Walter Meganack, Sr., Sugpiaq/Alutiiq from Port Graham, Alaska.


Qulireq — Tale (with facing translation in Yup'ik)


Leo Moses


Leo Moses, Yup'ik from Chevak, Alaska.


The Crow and the Mink


Mary Worm


Mary Worm, Yup'ik from Kongiganak, Alaska.


The First Whales


Kirt Bell


Kirt Bell, Yup'ik from Hooper Bay, Alaska.


Ivaghulluk Ilagaata — Prayer Song Asking for a Whale (with facing translation in St. Lawrence Island Yupik)


Lincoln Blassi


Lincoln Blassi, St. Lawrence Island Yupik from Gambell, Alaska.


Kivalliñigmi Pilguruaq Agnaq —The Kivalina War Heroine
(with facing translation in Iñupiaq)


Clinton Swan


Clinton Swan, Iñupiaq from Kivalina, Alaska.


Shamanic Flight


Frank Ellanna


Frank Ellanna, Iñupiat from King Island, Alaska.


The Boy Who Found the Lost


Laura Norton


Laura Norton, Iñupiaq from Kobuk, Alaska.


K'eta Sukdu —The Mouse Story (with facing translation in Dena'ina Athabaskan)


Peter Kalifornsky

The Gambling Story


 

Raven and the Half-Human


 

The Boy Who Talked to the Dog


 

About Shamans and the Men with Gashaq


 

The Old Dena'ina Beliefs


 

Peter Kalifornsky, Dena'ina Athabaskan from Unhghenesditnu ("farthest creek over"), Kasilof River, Alaska


The Susitna Story


Shem Pete


Shem Pete, Dena'ina Athabaskan from Susitna Station, Alaska.


Raven and the Mallard Girl


John Fredson


John Fredson, Gwich'in Athabaskan from Sheenjek River, Alaska.


Wolverine and the Wolves


John Fredson 


John Fredson, Gwich'in Athabaskan from Sheenjek River, Alaska.


Ggaadookk


Sally Pilot 


Sally Pilot, Koyukon Athabaskan from Koyukuk, Alaska.

 

CONTEMPORARY WORKS

 

Saginaw Bay: I Keep Going Back

 

Robert H. Davis

Robert H. Davis, Tlingit from Southeast Alaska.



Egg Boat


Nora Marks Dauenhauer

 

Grandmother Eliza


 

 

Museum


 

 

After Ice Fog


 

Nora Marks Dauenhauer, Tlingit (Raven, Lukkax.ádi Clan, Sockeye Crest) from Alsek and Chilkat, Alaska. She is a contributing editor to the original edition of Alaska Native Writers, Storytellers and Orators, she is a native speaker of Tlingit, a published poet, and co-editor of three major volumes on Tlingit oral literature. 



Why Subsistence is a Matter of Cultural Survival: A Yup'ik Point of View


John Active

John Active, Yup'ik from Bethel, Alaska. 
 


Asraaq, The Girl Who Became a She-Bear When the Owl Disappeared


Sister Goodwin

 


Sacrifice: A Dream/ A Vision


 

 


Nomadic Iñupiat for Kappaisruk


 

 


Piksinñaq


 


Sister Goodwin, Iñupiaq from Kotzebue, Alaska.  



Shagoon 1,2,3,4


Andrew Hope III

 


Diyeikee


 

Andrew Hope III, Tlingit from Sitka, Alaska.  



Native Identity: What Kind of Native Are You?


Eleanor Hadden 

Eleanor Hadden, Tlingit, Haida, Tsimshian from Ketchikan, Alaska.  



Night Without Dawn


Glen Simpson

 


Tahltan Country


 


Traveling in the Land of the Native Art Historians


 

 


Front Street


 

Glen Simpson, Tahltan Athabaskan from Atlin, British Columbia, Canada. 



Seed Potatoes and Foxgloves


Julie Coburn

 

Raven Speaks to Haidas


 

Julie Coburn, Haida from Kasaan, Alaska.  



There is no Such Thing as an Aleut


Barbara Svarný Carlson

Barbara Svarný Carlson, Unangan/Aleut from Unalaska, Alaska. 



O Dark Sister


Mary TallMountain

 


Seahorse Music


 

 


Nuliajuk, A Sequence


Mary TallMountain, Koyukon Athabaskan from Nulato, Alaska.  



Super Cockroach Tale


Tim Afcan, Sr.

Tim Afcan, Sr., Yup'ik from St. Mary's Alaska. 
 



Salmon in the Pond


Randall Johnson

Randall Johnson, Tlingit from Southeast Alaska.  



Magic Maker


Buell Anakak

Buell Anakak, Iñupiaq from Northwest Alaska. 
 



What Hope Can Do


Mary Jane Nielsen

Mary Jane Nielsen, Sugpiaq/Alutiiq from South Naknek, Alaska. 
 



Candle Lite


June McGlashan

 


It is Very Quiet


 

June McGlashan, Unangan/Aleut from Akutan, Alaska. 

 


Mood Music


Jeane Breinig

Jeane Breinig, Haida (Raven, Brown Bear, Taaslaanas Clan) originally from Kasaan village in Southeast Alaska.  



A House I Remember


George Westdahl

George Westdahl, Yup'ik from Yukon River, Alaska.  
 



Gaslight


Fred Bigjim

 


Ballet in Bethel


 

Fred Bigjim, Iñupiaq from Nome and Sinrock, Alaska.  



Untitled


Andrew Evan

Andrew Evan, Yup'ik from Anchorage, Alaska. 
 



Cannery Children


Mary Jane Peterson

Mary Jane Peterson, Aleut from Anchorage, Alaska. 
 



Willow Was Her Name


Dixie Alexander

Dixie Alexander, Gwich'in Athabaskan from Fort Yukon, Alaska. 
 



The Anti-Depression Uliimaaq


Susie Silook

 


Uncle Good Intentions


 

 

Adventure in Chinatown 1958


Susie Silook, St. Lawrence Island Yupik from Gambell, Alaska.  



Wolves


Anna Smith  

 


WatsÍx Shaayí Mountains


 

 


Naatasse Héen


 

Anna Smith, Tlingit from Anchorage, Alaska. 
 


River Woman (from Spirit of Woman)


Diane Lxéis' Benson 
 

 

What She Wanted


 

 

Now They WannaBE Us


 

Diane Lxéis' Benson, Tlingit from Sitka, Alaska. 
 

 

CONTEXTS



Translation Issues


Marie Meade

Marie Meade is a Yup'ik linguist from Nunapitchuk, Alaska. She has worked for more than twenty years researching, transcribing, and translating Yup'ik oral histories, and also is teaching and writing bilingual educational materials.
 



Considerations about the Oral Tradition and Writing


William Schneider

William Schneider is a curator of oral history for the Alaska Polar Regions Department, Elmer Rasmuson Library, at the University of Alaska Fairbanks. 
 



Oral and Written Narrative


Patricia H. Partnow

Patricia H. Partnow is a contributing editor to this edition of Alaska Native Writers, Storytellers & Orators. She is a cultural anthropologist who has worked in Alaska for the past 28 years in the fields of education, oral history and oral tradition, and ethnographic research. She completed her Ph.D. in Anthropology at the University of Alaska Fairbanks in 1993 and her ethnohistoric examination of the Alutiiq people of the Alaska Peninsula, Making History, is currently in press. Partnow is vice president of education at the Alaska Native Heritage Center, a nonprofit organization for the celebration, preservation, and sharing of Alaska Native traditions.
 



Political Perspective and Literary Framework for the Text Commentaries


Jeane Breinig

Jeane Breinig is a contributing editor to this edition of Alaska Native Writers, Storytellers & Orators. She is one of only three Alaska Haida to earn a doctorate. Breinig received her Ph.D. in English (American and Native Studies) from the University of Washington. Breinig is currently working on a book about Haida narrative and has published in American Indian Quarterly and Studies in American Indian Literatures. She is an assistant professor of English at the University of Alaska Anchorage. 
 


Cultural and Historical Text Commentaries


Jeane Breinig
Patricia H. Partnow

 

Commentary on Eyak texts


 

 

Commentary on Haida texts


 

 

Commentary on Tlingit texts


 

 

Commentary on Tsimshian/Tsetsaut texts


 

 

Commentary on Unangan/Unangas/Aleut texts


 

 

Commentary on Alutiiq/Sugcestum texts


 

 

Commentary on Central Yup'ik texts


 

 

Commentary on St. Lawrence Island Yupik texts


 

 

Commentary on Iñupiaq texts


 

 

Commentary on Athabskan texts


 


 

A Talk with Peter Kalifornsky: the Stories Are for Us to Learn Something From

Katherine McNamara 

 

Katherine McNamara worked under Mr. Kalifornsky's direction on several versions of his stories and commentaries on their meaning.  
 

Special thanks to Nora Marks Dauenhauer, Richard Dauenhauer, and Gary Holthaus who served as contributing editors to the original 1986 version of Alaska Native Writers, Storytellers & Orators. Their work is the foundation of this expanded edition.

Suggested Further Reading

 

Back To Top


About the Cover

“Shaman Flying” is a late prehistoric Inupiaq Eskimo artifact from Point Hope, Alaska. It is made of whale vertebra and the eyes are of walrus ivory.  Although many shaman flew, only the greatest flew to the moon where they communed with the spirits.     

©1986 Sam Kimura  Courtesy of the Anchorage Museum of History and Art.

UAA Logo
Page Updated: 1/12/10  By:  Ronald Spatz