How do I know?
Copyright protection exists from the time a work is created in a fixed tangible form of expression. It is important to know that mere ownership of a book, manuscript, painting, etc., does not give you the copyright to the work.
The Copyright Act generally applies to the creation, protection and use of literary, cinematic, pictorial and many other forms of creative materials.
The information listed here for educational purposes is to guide faculty and other users how to decide how to proceed with using content in an online course setting, what are the factors to consider and how to pursue copyright license permission when necessary.
In teaching with copyright protected content the main factors to consider are:
Fair Use: Four-Factors
According to the Copyright Law, 1976, the following four factors should be taken into consideration before deciding to use copyright protected material without obtaining permission from the copyright holder:
The TEACH Act
To post copyright protected material in an online course system for educational use the situation must meet the following TEACH Act criteria.
If your situation fits the TEACH Act you can use copyrighted materials in a course at UAA.
TEACH Act Policy (pdf) from Copyright Clearance Center
Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA)
To use digital media, defined as copyrighted and copy-protected materials like DVD, CD, and digital audio tracks, the DMCA allows for exceptions for nonprofit library archives, and non-profit educational institutions under the following conditions:
Open Source and Free Resources
There are many open source digital media options available to use in online and hybrid courses. Below are some links to various resources that we have found, but don't hesitate to search the internet for resources in your course topics. You will be amazed what is already out there and free to share with your students.
Examples of learning materials with Creative Commons Licensing:
Open Professionals Education Network
MIT Open Courseware
TED: Ideas Worth Sharing
Free and open access to introductory courses. CC license request attribution, non-commercial use and share alike.
UC Berkeley's online video and audio for students and learners.
Access to open and free courses.
Examples of images & photos with free or Creative Commons Licensing:
Find the right kind of license for your work, and explore to find CC licensed works to use in your online environment.
Free stock images, free stock photos, use with attribution.
Free photos to use, just provide a like to Bigfoto website.
Library of 4300+ high resolution texture photos/background images.
Over 7000 images from around the world to use for personal or non-commercial use.
Repository for free public domain images, download to use or upload yours to share.
Free photography for commercial use.
Collaborative community that creates and shares and remixes clipart.
Repository for public domain images.
Images to use for free, requests attribution.
Please carefully read each sites rules and license agreements before using any images or other web-based sources.
NOTE: The above links include third-party content that we do not control. UA does not maintain or endorse any material found on third party websites.
It is important to note that the information found on this website are not designed to be a legal interpretation of the law, nor are they designed to be used or quoted as legal advice. If you are ever in doubt about how to apply the copyright policy at UAA, please contact the UA Intellectual Property & Licensing Department at (907) 474-7765 for expert clarification and advice.
Workshops, consultation and training are available at Academic Innovations & eLearning.