Course Descriptions

PHIL A101 Introduction to Logic 3 CR
Contact Hours: 3 + 0
Course Attributes: UAA GER Humanities Requirement.

     Develops formal and informal reasoning skills, introduces deductive logic via statement logic, analyzes arguments and introduces scientific and inductive reasoning, reviews common fallacies and methods for evaluating arguments.

PHIL A201 Introduction to Philosophy 3 CR
Contact Hours: 3 + 0
Course Attributes: UAA GER Humanities Requirement.
     Introduces works of major influential thinkers, both ancient and modern, focusing on the Western philosophical tradition. Emphasizes central problems of knowledge, reality, and good and evil.

PHIL A211 History of Philosophy I 3 CR
Contact Hours: 3 + 0
Course Attributes: UAA GER Humanities Requirement.
     Survey of primarily Western philosophy from the pre-Socratic era through the late Middle Ages. Traces development of scientific, metaphysical, epistemological and ethical thought with emphasis on pivotal historical figures and debates.

PHIL A212 History of Philosophy II 3 CR
Contact Hours: 3 + 0
Course Attributes: UAA GER Humanities Requirement.
     Survey of philosophy from the Scientific Revolution through German Idealism (Modern Period). Traces the development of scientific, metaphysical, epistemological and ethical though with emphasis on historical texts.

PHIL A231 Truth, Beauty, and Goodness 3 CR
Contact Hours: 3 + 0
Prerequisites: (ENGL A111 or concurrent enrollment).
Crosslisted with: LSIC A231.
     Integrated approach to the study of critical and normative thinking, including: standards of truth in logic, mathematics, and science; standards of ethical goodness, and standards for the critical appraisal of art and the beautiful.

PHIL A301 Ethics 3 CR
Contact Hours: 3 + 0
Prerequisites: ENGL A211 with minimum grade of C or ENGL A212 with minimum grade of C or ENGL A213 with minimum grade of C or ENGL A214 with minimum grade of C.
Course Attributes: UAA GER Humanities Requirement.
     An introduction to major theories in normative ethics and metaethics, and the arguments of important moral philosophers. Emphasis on critical reasoning, as well as evaluation and analysis of arguments. Includes the application of ethical theory to contemporary moral issues, such as rights and distributive justice, environmental and animal issues, abortion, terrorism, and euthanasia.

PHIL A302 Biomedical Ethics 3 CR
Contact Hours: 3 + 0
Registration Restrictions: Junior standing.
     An in-depth exploration of current bioethical issues affecting the delivery of health care services. Theories of ethics and related principles are explored as a basis for professional decision-making and public policy determination. The focus of the course is the process of ethical inquiry and its relevance for contemporary health practices, research and education.

PHIL A303 Environmental Ethics 3 CR
Contact Hours: 3 + 0
Crosslisted with: ENVI A303.
     Historical and comparative analysis of Western, non- Western, indigenous and Native American philosophies, concerning the intrinsic, aesthetic and use values of nature and the land. Contemporary environmental ethics, including deep ecology, the land ethic, ecofeminism, and animal rights theories will be examined in detail. There will also be a focus on the ethical issues surrounding contemporary environmental controversies, such as land management, wildlife management, wilderness designation, sustainability, biodiversity and species preservation, private property and public commons, environmental racism, human overpopulation, development versus preservation, laboratory use of animals, vivisection, animal farming, subsistence, and sports hunting.

PHIL A304 Business Ethics 3 CR
Contact Hours: 3 + 0
Registration Restrictions: Junior standing.
     Examines moral issues raised by contemporary business practice. Topics include moral justifications and critiques of the market system, the nature and scope of corporate responsibility, ethical issues in the workplace (e.g. whistle-blowing, sexual harassment, affirmative action, etc.), and environmental implications of business practices.

PHIL A305 Professional Ethics 3 CR
Contact Hours: 3 + 0
Prerequisites: ENGL A111 with minimum grade of C
     Focuses on the duties of professionals to their clients and society, and examines the dilemmas that are created when these duties come in conflict with one another and with the duties of general morality. Uses case studies highlighting issues in engineering, information technology, law, medicine, journalism and other professions.

PHIL A309 Philosophy of Mind 3 CR
Contact Hours: 3 + 0
     An examination of the mind/body problem, the nature of consciousness, self-knowledge, mental content, mental causation, cognitive science, personal identity, and agency.

PHIL A313 Eastern Philosophy and Religion 3 CR
Contact Hours: 3 + 0
Prerequisites: ENGL A211 with minimum grade of C or ENGL A212 with minimum grade of C or ENGL A213 with minimum grade of C or ENGL A214 with minimum grade of C.
Course Attributes: UAA GER Humanities Requirement.
     Study of Eastern philosophical and religious traditions, particularly Hinduism, Buddhism, Daoism and Confucianism. Includes studying basic concepts, tenets and practices of these traditions and related modern developments.

PHIL A314 Western Religions 3 CR
Contact Hours: 3 + 0
Prerequisites: ENGL A211 with minimum grade of C or ENGL A212 with minimum grade of C or ENGL A213 with minimum grade of C or ENGL A214 with minimum grade of C.
Course Attributes: UAA GER Humanities Requirement.
     Study of three Western monotheisms—Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Covers basic tenets, practices and histories of the monotheisms. Examines the intersections of religion with contemporary concerns such as gender, ethnicity, and violence.

PHIL A317 Metaphysics 3 CR
Contact Hours: 3 + 0
Registration Restrictions: 6 credits with minimum grade of C from PHIL A101, A201, A211, A212, or A301.
     Current issues in metaphysics, including topics such as free will, universals, space and time, modality and essentialism with an emphasis on critical reasoning, argument evaluation and analysis.

PHIL A318 Epistemology 3 CR
Contact Hours: 3 + 0
Registration Restrictions: 6 credits with minimum grade of C from PHIL A101, A201, A211, A212, or A301.
     Traditional and contemporary issues in epistemology including, but not limited to, skepticism, the structure of knowledge and justification, epistemic closure principles, the sources of justification (memory, testimony, and perception), internalist and externalist theories of justification, virtue epistemology, naturalized epistemology and the a priori, the social and political dimensions of knowledge, and epistemic contextualism and invariantism.

PHIL A321 Philosophy of Religion 3 CR
Contact Hours: 3 + 0
Prerequisites: PHIL A101 with minimum grade of C or PHIL A201 with minimum grade of C or PHIL A211 with minimum grade of C or PHIL A212 with minimum grade of C or PHIL A301 with minimum grade of C.
      An advanced study of current issues in philosophy of religion including topics such as the existence of God, the nature of divine attributes, the problem of evil, science and religion, the meaningfulness of religious language, the epistemology of religious experience, and non-western perspectives on religion, with an emphasis on critical reasoning, argument evaluation, and analysis.

PHIL A350 Contemporary Social and Political Philosophy 3 CR
Contact Hours: 3 + 0
Prerequisites: ENGL A111 or ENGL A211 or ENGL A212.

     Evaluates the philosophical merits of contemporary (20th Century to present) theories of justice, government, citizenship, culture, and society. Theories are explored in light of their foundations in ethics, epistemology, metaphysics, philosophy of language, and theories of rationality. Topics include, but are not limited to, the justification of human rights, democracy, economic social structures; and critical theories of society.

PHIL A390 Selected Topics in Philosophy 3 CR
Contact Hours: 3 + 0
Registration Restrictions: Upper-division standing.
Special Note: Course can be repeated for credit with a different subtitle.
     Detailed study of a selected topic in philosophy.

PHIL A400 Ethics, Community, and Society 3 CR
Contact Hours: 3 + 0
Prerequisites: PHIL A301.
Registration Restrictions: Completion of GER Tier 1 (Basic college-level skills) courses and junior standing (at least 60 credit hours).
Course Attributes: UAA GER Integrative Capstone.
     An integrated study of a selected topic on a global ethical issue and the interests and responsibilities of individuals, communities and societies. Topics may vary from semester to semester.

PHIL A401 Aesthetics 3 CR
Contact Hours: 3 + 0
     An investigation into the nature of art and the creative process from both an historical and theoretical perspective, utilizing especially the philosophy of the ancient Greeks, the Romantic thinkers and contemporary semiotics.

PHIL A406 Philosophy of Law 3 CR
Contact Hours: 3 + 0
Registration Restrictions: JUST A250 or 6 credits in Philosophy, and Junior standing.

     Considers various philosophical accounts of the nature of law and grounds of its authority; the relationship between law and morality; connections between law and political ideals such as liberty, equality, and economic well-being; and methods of constitutional interpretation. Addresses contemporary controversies in the law such as civil disobedience, criminal responsibility, capital punishment, property rights, religious freedom, freedom of speech, and affirmative action.

PHIL A415 Feminist Philosophy 3 CR
Contact Hours: 3 + 0
Registration Restrictions: WS A200 or 6 credits in philosophy, and Junior standing.
     Examines women’s position in the writings of prominent thinkers in the Western philosophical canon; contemporary theories concerning the nature of gender and its intersection with race, class, and sexuality; and feminist contributions to philosophical inquiry in ethics, social/political philosophy, theories of knowledge, and/or the philosophy of science.

PHIL A421 Philosophy of the Sciences 3 CR
Contact Hours: 3 + 0
Registration Restrictions: Junior or Senior standing.
     A general introduction to the philosophical problems common to the physical, biological, behavioral, and social sciences, focusing on issues concerning method, epistemology, modes of explanation, and the differences between the natural and the human sciences.

PHIL A423 Advanced Ethical Theory 3 CR
Contact Hours: 3 + 0
Prerequisites: PHIL A101 with minimum grade of C and PHIL A201 with minimum grade of C and PHIL A211 with minimum grade of C and PHIL A212 with minimum grade of C and PHIL A301 with minimum grade of C.
     Critical issues in metaethics and normative ethics. Examines the nature of ethical claims, the basis for their authority, and the implications of such debates for normative ethics.

PHIL A490 Topics in Contemporary Philosophy 3 CR
Contact Hours: 3 + 0
Prerequisites: PHIL A101 with minimum grade of C and PHIL A201 with minimum grade of C and PHIL A211 with minimum grade of C and PHIL A212 with minimum grade of C and PHIL A301 with minimum grade of C. Registration Restrictions: Junior standing.
     An intensive and detailed study of a topic in contemporary philosophy in a seminar format.

PHIL A492 Seminar on an Enduring Philosopher 3 CR
Contact Hours: 3 + 0
Prerequisites: PHIL A101 with minimum grade of C and PHIL A201 with minimum grade of C and PHIL A211 with minimum grade of C and PHIL A212 with minimum grade of C and PHIL A301 with minimum grade of C. Registration Restrictions: Junior standing.
     An in depth investigation of the historical background to and philosophical content of an important philosopher’s thought. Philosophers studied may include Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Augustine, Aquinas, Hobbes, Descartes, Locke, Hume, Kant, Nietzsche, or many others.

PHIL A495 Service Learning in Applied Ethics 3 CR
Contact Hours: 3 + 0
Prerequisites: PHIL A101 with minimum grade of C and PHIL A201 with minimum grade of C and PHIL A211 with minimum grade of C and PHIL A212 with minimum grade of C and PHIL A301 with minimum grade of C. Registration Restrictions: Junior standing.
     Work with a community partner in an area related to applied ethics. A service learning project will be identified and coordinated by a faculty committee in cooperation with a community partner, as related to the student’s interests. Students will use the project as a means of applying and reflecting on relevant ethical concepts, decisionmaking, and practical reasoning skills.

PHIL A498 Senior Research Project 3 CR
Contact Hours: 3 + 0
Prerequisites: PHIL A101 with minimum grade of C and PHIL A201 with minimum grade of C and PHIL A211 with minimum grade of C and PHIL A212 with minimum grade of C and PHIL A301 with minimum grade of C. Registration Restrictions: Senior standing, nine credits of philosophy in addition to the prerequisites, and faculty permission.
     Senior-level course in which the student will engage in independent research on a topic of his or her choosing under the supervision of a faculty member. The course culminates with the completion of a research paper of significant length prepared to publication standards.

PHIL A607 Ethics in Clinical Medicine 1 CR
Contact Hours: 1 + 0
Registration Restrictions: Admission to the WWAMI program or the MS program in Nursing Science, or with the consent of the instructor. Grade Mode: Pass/No Pass.
     Focuses on ethical issues in medical training and clinical practice, as well as on core topics in biomedical ethics.