The Relationship of Equal Employment Opportunity, Affirmative Action and Diversity

Although equal employment opportunity, affirmative action, and diversity are all different, they are interrelated and directed toward achieving equal opportunity in the workplace. Diversity and affirmative action each broaden the concept of equal employment opportunity in different ways. Diversity, equal employment opportunity, and affirmative action together provide a strong foundation for the system's efforts to achieve a fair and inclusive workplace.  

Equal Employment Opportunity

  • Eliminates discrimination in University policies and practices
  • Provides equal access and opportunity - no one excluded from participation
  • Legally mandated
Affirmative Action
  • Targets outreach to underutilized groups
  • Helps prevent discrimination
  • Measures good faith efforts in making affirmative action progress for minorities and women
  • Legally mandated
  • Inclusive of all groups
  • Focuses on developing an environment that maximizes the potential of all employees by valuing diversity interpersonally and institutionally
  • Business necessity given workforce trends broader than ethnicity, race, and gender
  • Not legally mandated
Local and National Resources:
Local Resources:
Alaska State Commission for Human Rights
800 A Street, Suite 204
Anchorage, AK 99508
Toll Free Phone: (800) 478-7692
In Anchorage Phone: (907) 274-4692
TTY: (800) 478-3177

National Resources:
Office of Civil Rights
U.S. Department of Education
915 Second Avenue, Room 3310
Seattle, WA 98174-1099
Phone: (206) 220-7900
TTY: (206) 220-7907

U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC)
Federal Office Building 909
First Avenue, Suite 400
Seattle, WA 98104-1061
Toll Free Phone: (800) 699-4000