Conflicts of Interest
Financial Conflicts of Interest
PolicyThe University requires that investigators disclose any significant financial interest of the investigator (including those of the spouse and dependent children) that would reasonably appear to be affected by the research or educational activities. This policy promotes objectivity in research and programmatic activities by establishing standards to ensure that the design, conduct, and reporting of research or educational activities will not be biased by any conflicting financial interests of an investigator.
This policy is compliant with specific requirements of the National Science Foundation and the Public Health Service regarding investigator financial conflict of interest and objectivity in research. Please note that financial conflicts of interest do not prohibit research or funding, as long as they are properly disclosed and managed.
What is a Significant Financial Interest (SFI)?
Which SFIs need to be disclosed?
What is excluded from the disclosure requirement?
Who qualifies as an investigator?
DisclosureInvestigators must certify by signature on the Proposal Routing Form that s/he has read and understands the University's policy on Conflict of Interest in Sponsored Programs and that all required financial disclosures have been made as part of the proposal preparation and submission process.Prior to submission of a proposal for sponsored research or programmatic activities, each investigator must disclose to the OSP Director any significant financial interest that would reasonably appear to be affected by the activities funded or proposed for funding. Investigators shall use the Significant Financial Interests Disclosure Form to make the disclosure. During the period of an award, investigators must update financial disclosures as new reportable financial interests are obtained. This is separate and distinct from the "Ethics Disclosure Form" required to be completed annually under AS 39.52.170, which by statute must be reviewed by the General Counsel. Training.
All Investigators engaged in research related to any PHS-funded grant or contract must complete COI training prior to engaging in research and at least every four years. Training is available from UAA's Office of Research Integrity and Compliance.
Designation of Official to Review Disclosures and Resolve Problems
The Associate Vice Provost for Research and Commercialization is designated to review financial disclosures, determine whether a conflict of interest exists, and determine what conditions or restrictions, if any, should be imposed by the University to manage, reduce or eliminate such conflict of interest.A conflict of interest exists when the reviewer determines that a significant financial interest could directly and significantly affect the design, conduct, or reporting of the research or educational activity.
Possible conditions or restrictions that might be imposed to manage, reduce, or eliminate conflicts of interest include but are not limited to:
The approved conditions or restrictions imposed upon the investigator in the conduct of the project shall be incorporated into a management plan between the University and the investigator.
All identified Conflicts of Interest will have been satisfactorily managed, reduced, or eliminated prior to expenditure of any funds under the award.
If the reviewer determines that imposing conditions or restrictions would be either ineffective or inequitable, and that the potential negative impacts that may arise from a significant financial interest are outweighed by interests of scientific progress, technology transfer, or the public health and welfare, then the reviewer may allow the research to go forward without imposing such conditions or restrictions.
For a summary of these definitions, please see the table above.
The term "investigator" means the Project Director or Principal Investigator, Co-Investigators, and any person regardless of title or position who is responsible for the design, conduct, or reporting of the proposed or funded research or educational activity, which may include for example, collaborators or consultants .
The term "financial interest" means anything of monetary value, whether or not the value is readily ascertainable, including, but not limited to:
The term does not include:
A "significant financial interest" means a financial interest that reasonably appears to be related to the Investigator 's institutional responsibilities, and:
A "financial conflict of interest" means a Significant Financial Interest (or, where the Institutional official requires disclosure of other Financial Interests, a Financial Interest) that the Institution reasonably determines could directly and significantly affect the design, conduct or reporting of Institutional research.
Disclosure, Resolution, and Management Plan
Investigators must provide all required financial disclosures by the time of proposal submission. Disclosures must be updated during the period of the award as new significant financial interests are obtained.
Disclosure to NSF and PHS
For National Science Foundation proposals, prior to expenditure of any funds under the award, the University reviewer (Associate Vice Provost for Research and Commercialization) will report to the NSF Office of General Counsel any conflicts of interest that cannot be satisfactorily managed, reduced or eliminated, but not the nature of the conflicting interest or other details.
For Public Health Service proposals, prior to expenditure of any funds under the award, the University reviewer will report the existence of a conflicting interest to the PHS awarding component, but not the nature of the interest or other details and assure that the interest has been managed reduced or eliminated.
When an investigator violates this policy or the terms of the management plan the Associate Vice Provost shall recommend sanctions that shall be consistent with the applicable personnel policies.
The University shall retain records of all financial disclosures and of all actions taken to resolve conflicts of interest for at least three years beyond the termination or completion of the grant to which they relate, or until resolution of any sponsor action involving those records, whichever is longer.
Other Conflicts of Interest
UAA employees should also be aware of the other conflicts of interest managed by the Human Resources Department
Immediate Family Disclosure
"The Alaska Ethics Act (AS 39.52.010 through 960) prohibits all public employees, including University employees, from taking or withholding official action in order to affect a matter in which that employee has a personal or financial interest. Among other things, this prohibits an employee from taking or withholding action on employment contracts involving members of their immediate family. Effective January 1, 1999, "immediate family member" is defined by statute to include a spouse, child, including stepchild or adopted child, a parent, sibling, grandparent, aunt, or uncle of the employee, a parent or sibling of the employee's spouse. It also includes "another person cohabiting with the [employee] in a conjugal relationship that is not a legal marriage."Employees who are involved in a situation that may be in violation of these statutory prohibitions are requested to complete this form."
Outside Activities Disclosure
Employees also must disclose any work they perform outside of their University employment. Examples of outside activities that must be disclosed are: self-employment, independent contracting, or consulting. In addition, any volunteer or uncompensated work performed outside of the University must be disclosed if there is any possibility that the work might involve the same issues or people as your University duties. If you have no outside activities, you are not required to submit a form. All employee and employee family member interests in contracts with the University must be disclosed and pre-approved using the Interest in Contracts form, not the Outside Employment form. Note that employment of your "Immediate Family Members" by the University is an interest in a contract with the University. It must be disclosed using the Nepotism or Interest in Contracts forms. In case of doubt, be on the safe side and disclose.