Medical Laboratory Scientist

At a Glance

Years in School (after high school graduation):


Hourly Wage:

$24.35-$46.98 (Mean $35.56)
*Based on 2016 Alaska DOL data for Medical & Clinical Laboratory Technologist

One-page Description (PDF):

Medical Laboratory Scientist

Professional Activities

Medical laboratory scientists are part of a highly skilled team that works together to solve mysteries, put puzzles together and answer critical questions in medicine. They supervise other laboratory personnel, such as medical laboratory technicians, and perform complex laboratory procedures that play an important role in the detection, diagnosis, and treatment of many diseases. Medical laboratory scientists work in all areas of the clinical laboratory including blood banking, chemistry, hematology, immunology, and microbiology. They perform a full range of laboratory tests – from simple premarital blood tests, to more complex tests to uncover diseases such as HIV/AIDS, diabetes and cancer. Medical laboratory scientists are also responsible for confirming the accuracy of test results, and communicating laboratory findings to pathologists and other members of the healthcare team. The information provided helps decide what treatment is best for patients and also helps determine the prognosis of a patient’s illness. In fact, the practice of modern medicine would be impossible without these laboratory tests.

In their professions, medical laboratory scientists play a role in developing and evaluating test systems and interpreting algorithms. Their diverse responsibilities include analysis and clinical decision-making, regulatory compliance, education and quality assurance in the laboratory. Medical laboratory scientists are also involved with the financial operations, human resource management, and information management of the clinical laboratory.

Hospital laboratories in the regional hub communities employ most rural Alaska medical laboratory scientists. Private physicians, research programs, or local, state, and federal health agencies employ others.

Educational Requirements

Medical laboratory scientists have training beyond that of the medical laboratory technician, and may follow an educational program such as this:

    • Graduation from high school, preferably with courses in biology, chemistry, math and computer science.
    • Completion of a NAACLS accredited four-year bachelor’s degree program in medical laboratory science which includes a clinical experience.


    • Completion of a four-year bachelor’s degree program in biology, chemistry or other related field and a year of clinical experience at a NAACLS accredited health facility.


  • MLT (ASCP) certification AND a baccalaureate degree from a regionally accredited university, including coursework in biological science, microbiology, chemistry and mathematics. Students must also complete two years of full-time clinical laboratory experience in Blood Banking, Chemistry, Hematology, Microbiology, Immunology and Urinalysis/body fluids within the past four years.

Academic Programs

The University of Alaska Anchorage offers a Bachelor of Science in Medical Laboratory Science. (This program is accredited by the National Accrediting Agency for Clinical Laboratory Sciences.) Interested students should contact:

University of Alaska Anchorage
School of Allied Health
Medical Laboratory Science Program
3211 Providence Drive
Allied Health Sciences, Room 148
Anchorage, AK 99508
Contact: Angela Craft
Phone: (907) 786- 6961

In addition to the UAA program, Weber State University offers both an AAS and BS Program in Medical Laboratory Sciences. For more information:
Weber University
Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences


State Contact:

Clinical Laboratory Scientists of Alaska (CLSA)

National Contacts:

National Accrediting Agency for Clinical Laboratory Sciences
5600 N. River Road, Suite 720
Rosemont, IL 60018-5119
Phone: (773) 714-8880 or (847) 939-3597

American Society for Clinical Pathology
33 West Monroe, Suite 1600
Chicago, IL 60603
Phone: (312) 541-4999
Toll Free: (800) 267-2727

American Society for Clinical Laboratory Science
1861 International Dr., Suite 200
McLean, VA 22102
Phone: (571) 748-3770

American Medical Technologists
10700 West Higgins Road, Suite 150
Rosemont, Illinois 60018
Phone: (847) 823-5169

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