Criminal Victimization in 1994: A BJS Report

Criminal Victimization in 1994: A BJS Report

Bureau of Justice Statistics

"Criminal Victimization in 1994: A BJS Report" by Bureau of Justice Statistics. Alaska Justice Forum 13(3): 2-3 (Fall 1996). The Bureau of Justice Statistics reports on victimization by crime in the United States. Based on the Bureau of Justice Statistics report "Criminal Victimization 1994", NCJ-158022.

According to the National Crime Victimization Survey, in 1994 for every 1000 persons age 12 or older in the U.S., there occurred: two rapes or attempted rapes; three assaults with serious injury; and four robberies with property taken.

Almost two-thirds of victims of completed rapes did not report the crime to the police, and two-thirds of victims of rape or sexual assault knew their assailants.

Those demographic groups most vulnerable to violent crime include the young, blacks and males. In addition, persons in households with incomes of less than $15,000 were three times more likely to be raped or sexually assaulted; two times more likely to be robbed; and two and a half times more likely to experience an aggravated assault than people in households with higher incomes.

According to survey results the violent crime rate has remained essentially unchanged since 1992, following a slight increase between 1985 and 1991. Property crime has declined for 15 years.

Survey Methodology

The National Crime Victimization Survey measures personal and household offenses, including crimes not reported to police, by interviewing all the occupants age 12 or older of housing units that have been selected as a representative sample. The sample also includes persons living in group quarters, such as dormitories, rooming houses, and religious group dwellings. Excluded are crew members of merchant vessels, Armed Forces personnel living in military barracks or temporary housing, and institutionalized persons, such as correctional facility inmates and hospital or hospice patients.

A Bureau of the Census representative interviews each housing unit at 6-month intervals, spreading out the complete sample of household interviews over the entire year. In 1994, Bureau of the Census interviewed approximately 120,000 residents in 56,000 housing units about the crimes they had experienced in the previous 6 months. Response rates were 96 per cent of eligible housing units and 92 per cent of individuals in interviewed households.

The preceding article was derived from Bureau of Justice Statistics report "Criminal Victimization 1994," NCJ-158022. Copies of the entire report may be obtained from the Alaska Justice Statistical Analysis Unit or on the World Wide Web from the Bureau of Justice Statistics at http://www.ojp. usdoj.gov/bjs/.

Table 1. Criminal Victimizations, Victimization Rates, and Victimizations Reported to the Police, 1993-1994
Table 2. Characteristics of the Violent Crime Incidents, 1994