Alaska Justice Forum 18(1), Spring 2001

The Spring 2001 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum presents articles on hate or bias crimes and existing laws regarding hate crime, both federal and state; hate crime incident reported in Anchorage in 1999; and corrections populations in mid-2000, with the U.S. now incarcerating people at a higher rate than any other country.

"Hate Crimes: An Overview of Numbers and Statutes"

Since 1990 the Federal Bureau of Investigation has assembled figures on hate crimes from law enforcement agencies throughout the country. In Alaska only the Anchorage Police Department participates in this reporting program, which is voluntary for police departments; and in fact many participating agencies submitted reports which claimed the occurrence of no incidents showing a bias motivation. This article examines available figures in hate or bias crimes and reviews existing laws regarding hate crime, both federal and state.

"Incidents Revealing Bias: Anchorage, 1999"

Anchorage Police Department is the only law enforcement agency in the state currently participating in the FBI hate crime data collection effort. This article describes the five incidents from APD records reported under the FBI protocol as hate crimes in 1999. Hate or bias crimes per se do not exist under Alaska law, and so none of the incidents discussed was charged or prosecuted as a hate crime. In fact, only one of these five incidents described-an assault case-resulted in arrest.

"Corrections Populations: Mid-2000"

The United States now has one of the largest prison populations in the world and incarcerates people at a higher rate than any other country-702 persons per 100,000 population were held in prisons and jails at midyear 2000. While Alaska's rate of incarceration is lower than in the nation as a whole-336 per 100,000-its prison population has increased over 70 per cent from 1990 to midyear 2000.