Alaska Justice Forum 18(3), Fall 2001
The Fall 2001 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum presents articles on drug use among Anchorage arrestees in 2000, a review essay of a recent book on South Africa's Truth and Reconciliation Commission, and the design of the new Anchorage jail, which replaces the old Sixth Avenue Jail.
"Aspects of Drug Use: Arrestees in Anchorage, 2000" by Matthew Giblin
Anchorage has participated for several years in the Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring (ADAM) project, a national study that generates extensive and timely data on drug use within the arrestee population. This article compares drug use prevalence among arrestees interviewed in 1999 and 2000 at Cook Inlet Pretrial Facility and Sixth Avenue Correctional Center, and examines the spatial distribution of drug use among the arrested population from 2000.
"Review Essay: A Country Unmasked: Inside South Africa's Truth and Reconciliation Commission" by Antonia Moras
The Truth and Reconciliation Commission was established in the Republic of South Africa in the mid-1990s to take testimony from those who had suffered political violence under the apartheid regime. The Commission also established a structure offering limited amnesty to those who had committed political crimes under the old regime. A Country Unmasked is an account of the Commission's history by its deputy chairperson, Alex Boraine, and is itself an important document in the area of transitional justice—a field of work which grapples with how emerging democracies can deal with those involved in the crimes and abuses of former regimes.
"The Design of the New Anchorage Jail" by Steve Fishback
The new Anchorage jail, located adjacent to the Cook Inlet Pretrial Facility, will open in 2002. Steve Fishback, the architect of the new facility, has responded to questions about its design. Design of detention facilities is driven by programmatic needs. The new jail incorporates architectural features which support a "direct supervision" approach to inmate management; among other design innovations are a magistrate's court for arraignments and other process proceedings, a pre-booking lobby, and a separate inebriate drop-off area. The jail will house up to 396 prisoners, with the potential to expand to house an additional 192 prisoners.