Alaska Justice Forum 19(1), Spring 2002
The Spring 2002 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum features articles on Alaska juvenile arrest figures for 2000, juvenile detention in Alaska, juveniles in the Alaska adult justice system, student knowledge of the U.S. Constitution, and capital punishment in the U.S. and internationally.
"Alaska Juvenile Arrest Figures for 2000"
In both Alaska and the U.S. as a whole, most juvenile arrests continue to involve property rather than violent crime. In 2000, juvenile arrests accounted for 16.2 percent of all arrests in Alaska — a percentage comparable to the national percentage for juvenile arrests. Juveniles in that year accounted for 46 percent of all arrests for property crimes, but only 16 percent of the arrests made for violent crimes.
"Alaska Juveniles in the Adult System"
While most juvenile offenses in Alaska are handled through the Division of Juvenile Justice, Alaska statutes provide two methods for juvenile offenders to be waived into the adult criminal justice system. Figures obtained from the Division of Juvenile Justice show that relatively few juveniles enter the adult system under a discretionary juvenile waiver-only 19 in total from FY 1998 through FY 2001.
"Juvenile Detention in Alaska"
Although most juvenile arrests in Alaska do not result in detention in secure facilities, Alaska does maintain seven facilities and 18 probation offices for juvenile offenders. This article summarizes juvenile detention and program statistics as of May 2002, and includes a map of the locations of juvenile detention facilities and probation offices throughout the state.
"Student Knowledge of the U.S. Constitution" by Lawrence C. Trostle
Only 3 of 15 questions on the U.S. Constitution answered by a sample of University of Alaska Anchorage students were answered correctly by more than 70 percent of the respondents. These and other results indicate that the common claim "I know my constitutional rights!" is often inaccurate.
"Capital Punishment 2000 and 2001"
In 2000, according to the Bureau of Justice Statistics, 85 prisoners were executed in 14 states in the U.S. Another 3,593 prisoners were under death sentences nationwide. This article provides statistics and information about the state of the death penalty in the U.S. in 2000.
"An International Perspective on the Death Penalty"
More than half of the world's nations — 111 — have now abolished the death penalty in law or in practice, according to figures compiled by Amnesty International. Eighty-four nations, including the United States, retain and use the death penalty. This article gives an overview of capital punishment internationally, including 2001 statistics, international treaties and protocols regarding the death penalty, and the imposition of the death penalty on foreign nationals in the United States.
Announcing completion of the video program "Sentencing — A Delicate Balance" written and produced by Antonia Moras for the Alaska Court System.
Nancy Schafer, Professor, and Jan Brewer, office manager, have retired from the Justice Center in May 2002.
"National Academy of Science Paper"
Announcing presentation of a paper on the Bureau of Justice Statistics Law Enforcement and Administrative Statistics Survey (LEMAS) presented by Robert Langworthy, Director of the Justice Center.