Alaska Justice Forum 19(4), Winter 2003

The Winter 2003 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum features findings from the Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring (ADAM) on drug use trends and alcohol use among Anchorage arrestees, ADAM in an international context, other measures of drug use, findings from the Anchorage Adult Criminal Victimization Survey on fear of crime and quality of life in Anchorage, and a review essage on a recent book about mass incarceration.

"Drug Use Trends Among Anchorage Arrestees: 1999–2001" by Brad Myrstol

Roughly one out of every two arrestees in Anchorage tests positive for recent drug use, and marijuana seems to be the illicit "drug of choice" among arrestees in Anchorage —particularly arrestees under the age of 30 — according to several years of data assembled under the Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring (ADAM) program. This article describes the ADAM program and presents three years of drug use data for Anchorage arrestees who participated in the program.

"ADAM in an International Context"

Under the auspices of the National Institute of Justice, a loosely-organized network of justice researchers and administrators have worked to adapt the standardized methodology developed in the U.S.'s Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring (ADAM) program to the needs of justice systems in other nations. NIJ's first comprehensive report on the international ADAM effort (I-ADAM) describes its implementation in Chile, Great Britain, Scotland, the Netherlands, Malaysia, South Africa, Australia and the United States.

"Alcohol Use Among Anchorage Arrestees" by Brad Myrstol

There is impressive empirical evidence for a direct relationship between alcohol and violent criminal behavior, but alcohol is so intertwined with crimes of violence that it has been difficult for researchers to isolate the effects of alcohol from other individual, situational and social factors. This article is a first step toward understanding the dynamics of alcohol use among those who have engaged in criminal behavior and are known to be at-risk for substance abuse and addiction, presenting a summary of alcohol use information gathered as part of the Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring (ADAM) program in Anchorage for 2000 and 2001.

"Measuring the Use of Drugs"

The ADAM program discussed in this issue of the Forum is one of several national projects collecting data on the extent of drug use. It is also one of the few instruments regularly administered in Alaska under either state or federal auspices that provides any localized information on drug use. This article describes the federal government's three other major drug use indicators which provide data on a national basis: the National Household Survey on Drug Abuse (NHSDA), the Drug Abuse Warning Network (DAWN) and Monitoring the Future.

"Fear of Crime and Quality of Life in Anchorage" by Matthew Giblin

During Spring 2002, the Justice Center conducted the Anchorage Adult Criminal Victimization Survey (AACVS) to gather data from residents about their experiences with crime as well as their perceptions of their neighborhoods, the city, and the local police. This article, first of a series to present highlights from the survey, addresses perceptions of neighborhood and city quality of life, neighborhood conditions, and fear of crime among Anchorage respondents.

"Review Essay — Invisible Punishment: The Collateral Consequences of Mass Imprisonment" by John Riley

Over two million persons are currently held in American jails or prisons, and recent official statistics indicate that state and federal agencies spend over $27 billion annually to fund correctional programs, and nonfinancial costs of mass imprisonment are also having an increasing effect on society. Invisible Punishment, the first comprehensive discussion of the broad range of consequences imposed by recent policies of mass incarceration, focuses attention on "the collateral consequences of mass imprisonment" that affect not only on the offender, but also on families, communities, and the nation as a whole.

Child Custody Video Completed

Announcing the completion of "Two Homes...," an instructional video on child custody issues written and produced by Antonia Moras for the Alaska Court System.