Alaska Justice Forum 22(2), Summer 2005
The Summer 2005 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum presents articles on homeless youth in Homer, a review essay of a recent book about mass incarceration, an overview of probation and parole in Alaska, and public perceptions of and experiences with Anchorage Police Department.
"Homeless Youths in Homer: A Picture of Their Needs" by André B. Rosay
A 2004 study of homeless youth in Homer, Alaska found that family trouble in one form or another was the usual cause behind youths first becoming homeless. Results of the study were based on responses by 18 homeless youth and 29 agencies which served them. Most of those participating in the study did not remain chronically homeless, but some did progress into a more severe type of homelessness in which the prospect of returning to a family became more remote. The needs of those who had been homeless for longer periods of time different from the needs of those for whome homelessness was a new or short-term event. These and other results of the study, intended to document the needs of homeless youth and the degree to which those needs have been addressed, are discussed in this article.
"Review Essay: But They All Come Back" by John Riley
Correctional programs in the United States are costly and notoriously ineffective. With what is by far the highest incarceration rate in any of the world's developed nations, the U.S. nevertheless continues to experience high crime rates. In But They All Come Back, reviewed in this article, Jeremy Travis argues that our current collective unwillingness to take responsibilities for the consequences of mass incarceration must be understood as one cause of the nation's continuing crime problem. Through neglect and a quarter century of bankrupt, conservative crime policies, Travis argues, we are manufacturing the conditions for recidivism and virtually guaranteeing high levels of crime and incarceration well into the forseeable future.
"Probation and Parole in Alaska: A Snapshot"
This article provides an overview of the current numerical and geographical scope of probation and parole in Alaska. The number of offenders on probation more than doubled from 1995 to 2003, as did the number of offenders on parole. Despite these steep increases, the rates of offenders on probation or parole remained lower than nationwide rates in 2003.
"Making the Grade? Public Evaluation of Police Performance in Anchorage" by Brad A. Myrstol
A randomly selected sample of 2,485 adult residents of the Municipality of Anchorage participated in the Anchorage Community Survey, a telephone survey conducted by the Justice Center over a five-month period in late 2004 and early 2005. This article presents data from the eleven questions in the survey which pertained to public perceptions of and experiences with the Anchorage Police Department.
Center Conducts Network and Spatial Analysis Seminar
The UAA Justice Center sponsored a July 2005 seminar devoted to integrating network and spatial analysis.
Justice Center Signs New Research Agreement
The UAA Justice Center has joined an international network of research institutes with interests in urban studies, criminology and evidence-based government decision-making.