Probation and Parole in Alaska: A Snapshot

Probation and Parole in Alaska: A Snapshot

Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage. (Summer 2005). "Probation and Parole in Alaska: A Snapshot." Alaska Justice Forum 22(2): 4. This article provides an overview of the current numerical and geographical scope of probation and parole in Alaska. The number of offenders on probation more than doubled from 1995 to 2003, as did the number of offenders on parole. Despite these steep increases, the rates of offenders on probation or parole remained lower than nationwide rates in 2003.

The table, map and figure on this page provide an overview of the current numerical and geographical scope of probation and parole in Alaska. As the table and figure indicate, the number of offenders on probation more than doubled from 1995 to 2003, and the rate per 100,000 in the general Alaska population increased by over 91 percent. Similarly, the number of offenders on parole doubled, and the rate per 100,000 population increased by 83 percent. The figures presented in Table 1 and Figure 1 were compiled by the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS), as reported by the Alaska Department of Corrections.

As reported by BJS, the Alaska rates of increase in the probation and parole population since 1995 have been much higher than the national rates. From 1995 through 2003, the national total of offenders on probation increased from 3,077,861 to 4,073,987—a rise of 32 percent. The nationwide parole population rose from 679,421 to 774,558—an increase of 14 percent.

Despite the much steeper increases in the Alaska probation and parole populations, the rates of offenders on probation or parole per 100,00 in the general population, remained lower than the nationwide rates at the end of 2003. Alaska’s rate of offenders on probation was 1,185; the nationwide rate was 1,876. The Alaska rate for offenders on parole was 203; the national was 357.

Also—according to figures from the Department of Corrections, at the end of June 2005, of the 3065 convicted offenders in custody, 775 were in custody on a probation or parole violation, with 575 of these also having a new convicted offense.

Figure 1. Alaska Department of Corrections Probation Offices and Correctional Facilities [map]
Table 1. Probation and Parole Populations in Alaska, 1995-2003
Figure 2. Probation and Parole Rates in Alaska, 1995-2003