Information from four years of police files shows that the problem of sexual assault in Anchorage has discernible contours: most assaults take place indoors, between people who are not strangers to each other, with either or both parties having consumed alcohol. The attached tables, figures and map provide an overview of reported sexual assaults in the city from 2000 through 2003. The data come from a recently-completed report by the Justice Center that updates an earlier study released in 2003. The new study was undertaken by the Center in collaboration with the Anchorage Police Department.
The Justice Center study revealed that victims have tended to be young and female, with Native women victims in over 45 percent of reported sexual assaults. In a majority of the assaults-over 62 percent-the assailant was not a stranger to the victim. A majority of the assaults occurred indoors, with 45 percent taking place at the residence of one or both of those involved. Over 65 percent of the victims had used alcohol prior to the assault and close to 74 percent of suspects had also. While assaults occurred all over the city, they happened with more frequency in certain areas of town-particularly in Spenard, Fairview, and Downtown.
The data presented here are already two years old, but figures released by the FBI's Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) program indicate that the rate of reported forcible rape (a more tightly defined offense than that reflected in the tables presented here) in the Municipality of Anchorage was 96.1 per 100,000 people in 2004. The national rate was only 32.2. These UCR figures are not directly comparable to those presented in the Justice Center study, but they show that the sexual assault rate in Anchorage continues to be extremely high. With the problem of sexual assault, it is also important to note that national data show that many assaults are not reported to the police, so it is possible that the figures collected represent only a limited picture of the problem.
AndrÃ© Rosay of the Justice Center was the principal investigator for the study. The complete results from this recent update can be found at http://justice.uaa.alaska.edu/research/2000/0107sxassaultupdate/index.html. The earlier study is available at http://justice.uaa.alaska.edu/research/2000/0107sxassault/. A lengthier article on the 2003 study, "Forcible Rapes and Sexual Assaults in Anchorage," appeared in the Winter 2004 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum.
This project was supported by Grant No. 2004-WG-BX-0003 awarded by the National Institute of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice. Points of view in this document are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official position or policies of the U.S. Department of Justice.