Alaska Justice Forum 25(3), Fall 2008

The Fall 2008 issue of the Alaska Justice Forum reports on assaults in domestic violence incidents in Alaska communities served primarily by the Alaska State Troopers; the trajectories of juvenile delinquency careers among youth in Anchorage and Fairbanks; and results of a community survey of residents of Northeast Anchorage on public safety and community satisfaction.

"Assaults in Domestic Violence Incidents Reported to Alaska State Troopers" 

by Marny Rivera, André B. Rosay, Darryl S. Wood, Greg Postle, and Katherine TePas

Domestic violence is an undeniable urban and rural problem in Alaska, but detailed data on domestic violence incidents outside Anchorage are sparse. This article reports on a study of domestic violence incidents involving assaults in for communities outside Anchorage reported to the Alaska State Troopers in 2004. A total of 1,281 cases with an assault charge involving domestic violence were reviewed. The article reports on suspect and victim characteristics, incident characteristics, and legal resolutions of the cases. Preliminary findings mirror national and Anchorage statistics: the majority of domestic violence assault incidents occur between victims and suspects of the same race, and the victim’s home is the most common location of the domestic violence incident. On the other hand, both Anchorage data and the data from this study show a much higher use of alcohol by suspects and victims in Alaska than is reported nationally.

"Mandatory Arrest in Domestic Violence Cases"

This article describes the provisions of Alaska Statute 18.65.530, which was passed as part of the Domestic Violence Prevention and Victim Protection Act of 1996 and which requires law enforcement officers to arrest persons who the officer has probable cause to believe have committed domestic violence, have violated a domestic violence protective order, or have violated a condition of release.

"Delinquency Trajectories in Anchorage and Fairbanks" by André B. Rosay and Ronald S. Everett

Previous Justice Center research on disproportionate minority contact in the Alaska juvenile justice system shows that minority youth were overrepresented in referrals to the Alaska Division of Juvenile Justice (DJJ); for example, rates of referral for minority youth compared with White youth are 3 times higher in Anchorage and 2.5 times higher in Fairbanks. To better understand the impact of race, researchers utilized group-based modeling to examine how juvenile offending patterns from age 10 to 17 vary by race for two cohorts, one in Anchorage and one in Fairbanks. This article presents descriptive information on these two cohorts, examining their developmental trajectories and assessing the extent to which the development of delinquent behavior varied by race.

"East Anchorage Weed and Seed 2008 Community Survey" by Sharon Chamard

Weed and Seed is a federally-funded initiative aimed at using law enforcement to “weed out” violent offenders and drug dealers and "seed in" Positive practices, programs, and institutions that contribute to a better quality of life for neighborhood residents. This article reports results of a mail survey of residents of the East Anchorage Weed and Seed study area, comprising about 37,000 residents in 14,000 households in one of the most ethnically diverse parts of Anchorage. A total of 209 respondents participated.

New Forum Editor

Announcing the appointment of Barbara Armstrong as editor of the Alaska Justice Forum and as a research associate.