Technique - Silence

A technique that encourages reflection and allows discussion participants to plan their responses.


  • Allow silence to exist without filling it yourself or panicking.
  • Introduce a minute of silence now and then during lectures or discussions to allow everyone—yourself included—to mull things over and plan their next response.


  • Answer your own questions too quickly.
  • Mistake silence for “dead air” or disengagement. Discussions are not performances, and the most talkative are not the only ones with ideas.
  • Assume that those who speak more are learning more.