Prior to relocating from the Community Health Program at Jackson State University in Jackson, MS to the Behavioral Health Research and Services Program at the University of Alaska Anchorage, Dr. Eldridge was Principal Investigator of a 5-year NIDA-funded research grant (R01 DA10418) entitled “HIV Risk Reduction for Women in Drug Treatment.” This project, conducted among women court-ordered into drug treatment at the Mississippi State Hospital in Pearl, MS, compared two interventions for reducing HIV/STD risk for women with chronic histories of severe substance abuse. The first intervention, based on the Social Cognitive Model, focused on Behavioral Skills Training to reduce sexual and needle-sharing risk for HIV. The second intervention, based on principles and methods of Motivational Interviewing, focused on enhancing motivation and reducing barriers to making life changes to reduce risk for HIV. Both interventions were compared to a Reproductive Health control condition. As of August 2003, 12-month follow-up assessments are complete and data are being prepared for analysis.