Stephen W. Haycox

Distinguished Professor
Office: ADM 147G
Phone: (907) 786-1776


Stephen Haycox is an American cultural historian specializing in the history of the American West and Alaska. He teaches Alaska history, American West and American environmental history. He published Frigid Embrace: Politics, Economics and Environment in Alaska (Oregon State University Press, 2002) and a new Alaska history: Alaska - An American Colony (University of Washington Press, 2002). His articles on the history of the Alaska Native Brotherhood, the most powerful and effective Native group in Alaska before the claims settlement act, led to his appearance in the award-winning PBS documentary on Alaska Native land claims, “This Land is Ours,” produced in 1996. In 2002 the University of Alaska honored him with the Edith R. Bullock Prize for Excellence, the system's highest annual faculty award. He also received the Distinguished Teaching Award from UAA Alumni Association in 1989 and the Alaska Governor’s Humanities Award in 2003. In 2003, Professor Haycox was chosen Alaska Historian of the Year by Alaska Historical Society. He also writes biweekly op/ed page columns for Anchorage Daily News. If you want to see Prof. Haycox's pictures, click here.


Ph.D., University of Oregon (History) 1971; M.A., University of Oregon (History) 1967;  B.A.,  Seattle University (summa cum laude)(History) 1966

Teaching Responsibilities

American cultural history; American West, Alaska history, Alaska Native history, U.S. environmental history.

Professional and Departmental Service

University Committees: Chair, UAA-UAAFT Appeals Board, 1998 -; Service Based Grants Committee (2), 2000-2001; Chair, UAA Honorary Degrees Committee, 1994-98; Peer Review; Open Learning Alternatives (statewide), 1993 -1996; UAA Distinguished Lecture Series, 1990-1993; UAA Honorary Degree Committee, 1990; UAA Constitution Bicentennial Commemoration, 1987-89; UAA Vice-chancellor search committee, July, 1986; UAA Academic Affairs Board, 1984-87 (at large) College of Arts and Sciences Humanities Peer Review, 1983-85 Chair, 1987-1988 UAA Archives Advisory Board, 1982-; UA Bartlett Lecture Committee 1974-80, 1984; UAA Art in Public Places Committee 1983-84; UAA Status of Women Committee 1985-1987; UAA Student Showcase editorial review, 1985; UAA Grievance Council, 1983-84, numerous others previously    

Public Service: Anchorage Daily News, biweekly op/ed page column, 2004 -; Mayor’s Seattle-Anchorage Cultural Exchange Committee, 2007; Instructor, Teaching American History grant, Anchorage School District, 2006-2008; 2003-2005; Speaker, Annual Egan Day Dinner, October 2007; Keynote, Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act 25th Anniversary Celebration, Anchorage (President Jimmy Carter), June, 2005; Keynote and Seminar Leader – Village Management Institute, Sitka, April, 2003, Alaska State Museum Docent’s Presentation, April, 2003; Columnist, Anchorage Daily News, 2001 - ; Governor’s Subsistence Leadership Summit, August, 2001; Board of Directors, Alaska Humanities Forum (Governor’s appointment) (chair, 1996-2001), 1995 -2002; AP Reader, U.S. History, Educational Testing Service, San Antonio, TX, June, 1995, 1996; Co-Chair, History Standards Committee, Alaska 2000 (Alaska Department of Education), 1993-95; Member, Social Studies Framework Committee, Alaska 2000, 1994-95; Member, Advisory Committee, Anchorage School District EXCEL grant (USDOE; integrated language arts/social studies curriculum development), 1995; Vice -president, Cook Inlet Historical Society, 1994-; Member, Vancouver Symposium Committee, Cook Inlet Historical Society and Anchorage Museum of History and Art, 1994-95 (editor; symposium proceedings); Member, Historians' Committee, Alaska Bar Association, 1990-; Chair, U.S.-U.S.S.R. Bering-Chirikov 250th Anniversary Celebration Alaska Historical Society), 1991; Program committee, annual meeting, Western History Association, 1991; Evaluator, Alaska Humanities Forum grant project, "Alaska's Japanese Pioneers," 1990-91; Chair, Symposium: "Russian America: The Forgotten Frontier," Anchorage , 1990; Chair, annual meeting, Alaska Historical Society, 1990; "Academic  Forum," weekly 30-minute  radio  program,  KSKA (NPR-Anchorage), sole producer, 1980-1987;  political and social  commentary,  weekly, on radio station KSKA, January, 1983-1988, intermittent since; judge, National Geographic Society Alaska statewide (secondary school) Geography Bee, March, 1990; judge, Alaska statewide (secondary) History Day competition, 1989, 1990; member, steering committee, Alaska Geographic Alliance; numerous addresses before local civic groups,  including the Downtown Rotary (most recently, March, 1987), Bartlett Democratic Club (most recently, March, 1988), World Affairs Council,  Republican Women's Club,  Cook Inlet Hist. Soc., Anchorage  Museum of History and Art Docents (most recently, March, 1992);  member, Board of Editors, Alaska History, 1984- ; board of directors, Alaska Historical Society, 1985-88, 1990-95, 2000- (president, 1991-92); member, Alaska Commission on the Bicentennial of the Constitution, 1986-89;  member, KSKA Community Advisory Board, 1983-85 (chairman, 1984-85); writer, narrator, Alaska Chamber Singers Concert, "The Golden Age of American Song," April-May, 1989; member, Board of Directors, Anchorage Community Theatre, 1985-92 ; member (president), Board of Directors, The Alaska Zoo, 1987-91; member, Board of Directors, Anchorage Arts Council, 1988-89; member (secretary), Cook Inlet Historical Society, 1990- (vice-president, 1993-95); classical music reviewer, Anchorage Times, 1984-1986, Anchorage Daily News, 1981; producer,  one-hour classical music program,  "Cadenza: UAA Performers," KSKA Radio, 1981-83, other previous activity

Research Interests

Alaska history, Alaska environmental history, Alaska Native history; US/Canada comparative history


Alaska Scrapbook: Moments in Alaska History, co-author Alexandra McClanahan (Anchorage: CIRI Foundation, 2007).

“William Lewis Paul and the Fight for Alaska Native Land Claims,” in Let Right Be Done: Aboriginal Title, th Calder Case, and the Future of Indigenous Rights, eds. Hamar Foster, Heather Raven and Jeremy Webber (Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press 2007): 85-97.

Alaska – An American Colony: A New History  (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2002);reprint 2006

“Alaska: America’s Last Frontier,” Cobblestone, Consulting Editor, April, 2002, and essay, “Today’s Alaska.”

Frigid Embrace: Politics, Economics and Environment in Alaska  (Corvallis: Oregon State University Press, 2002); reprint 2006

“William Lewis Paul: Tlingit Advocate,” in The Human Tradition in America, 1920-1945,  ed. Donald W. Whisenhunt (Wilmington: Scholarly Resources, 2002), 59-74.

“Alaska and Its Native People, 1867-1959,” in Territory of Alaska, ed. Penny Rennick, Alaska Geographic  29 (2002): 8-25.

“Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act,” “Tribes: Alaskan,” “Alaska,” “Alaskan Pipeline,” entries for Dictionary of American History, eds. Frederick Hoxie, et al (New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, in press )

“Alaska and the Canadian North: Comparing Conceptual Frameworks” in Northern Visions: New Perspectives on the North in Canadian History,  eds. Kerry Abel and Ken S.  Coates (Peterborough, Ont.: Broadview Press, 2001), 141-58.

“The View from Above: Alaska and the Great Northwest,” in the Great Northwest: The Search for Regional Identity,  ed. William G. Robbins (Corvallis: Oregon State University Press, 2001),145-157

“The Political Power of a Rhetorical Paradigm,” in Land in the American West: Private Claims and the Common Good,  ed. William G. Robbins (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2000 ), 164-189.

“Alaska: A Resource Colony,” Anchorage Daily News,  Special Millennium Commemoration Issue, Jan. 1, 2000: 4-8.

“A New Face: Implementing Law in the New State of Alaska, 1958-60,” with Claus-M. Naske, Western Legal History,  11 (Winter/Spring 1998): 1-21.

“Das Grosse Land: Alaska USA” in Im Bannkreis des Nordens: Auf den Spuren der Entdecker in die faszinierenden Welten des Polarkreises,  herausgeber Jurgen F. Boden und Gunter Myrell (Osteinbek: Alouette Verlag, 1999), 248-97.

The Law of the Land: A History of the Office of the Attorney General and the Department of Law in Alaska  (Juneau: State of Alaska, 1998).

“Fenced In: Cross-Border Perspectives in Alaska History, Columbia, Fall, 1998: 3-6.

“The Road to Success? Principles and Interests: The Permanent Fund and Alaska’s Future,” Frame of Reference  (Anchorage: Alaska Humanities Forum) IX (April, 1998): 3-5.

Enlightenment and Exploration: The North Pacific, 1741-1805,  co-edit with James Barnett and Caedmon Liburd (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1997).

An Alaska Anthology: Interpreting the Past,  co-edit with Prof. Mary Mangusso (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1996); reprint 2006

"Mining the Federal Government: The War and the All-America City," in Proceedings,  Alaska at War Conference (November, 1993), National Park Service, Alaska Region, October, 1995.

"William Lewis Paul," in Haa Kusteeyi: Our Culture, Tlingit Life Stories,  eds. Richard and Nora Dauenhauer (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1994.)

"The U.S. Army in Alaska," in Friendly Invasions: The U.S. Army in World War II,  eds. Kenneth Coates and William R. Morrison, forthcoming.

"Acculturation: Early Policies of the Alaska Native Brotherhood," ed., Peter Metcalfe (Juneau: Central Council of Tlingit and Haida Indian Tribes of Alaska [CCTHITA], 1994).

"In Search of the Great Bear: An Historiography of Russian America," in Encounters with a Distant Land: Exploration and the Great Northwest,  ed. Carlos Schwantes (Moscow: University of Idaho Press, 1994).

"Unmasking the Dead Hero: History and Myth in Alaska," in Society: An Alaskan Perspective,  ed. Sharon Araji  (Kendall-Hall), April, 1994, 53-63.

"Felix Cohen and the Legacy of the Indian New Deal," Yale University Library Gazette,   April 1994, 135-156.

"The Alaska Native Brotherhood/Sisterhood," article, Encyclopedia of American Natives in the 20th Century,  Garland Publishers, 1994.

"On the Politics of Environment: Cecil Andrus and the Alaska Lands Act," Idaho Yesterdays,  Fall, 1992, 17-28.

"Tee-Hit Ton  and Alaska Native Rights," in Law for the Elephant, Law for the Beaver: Essays in the Legal History of the North American West,  eds., John McLaren, Hamar Foster and Chet Orloff (Regina: Canadian Plains Research Center, Univ. of Regina; Pasadena: Ninth Judicial Circuit Historical Society, 1992), 125-145.

Review Essay, Northern Justice Conference , 1990 (Anchorage, Alaska), Western Legal History  Spring, 1992.

"Strengthening the Indian Voice: U.S. Military Relations with Natives at Two Sites in Alaska, 1942-44, and 1987-89,"  Proceedings, Borderland Conference, Whitehorse: Yukon College, 1992, 45-59.

"Truth and Expectation: Myth in Alaska History,"  Northern Review,  Fall, 1991, 3-18.

"Russian America: Studies in the English Language," Pacific Historical Review ,  May, 1990, 231-252.

"Economic Development and Indian Land Rights in Modern Alaska: The 1947 Tongass Timber Act," Western Historical Quarterly ,  February, 1990, 21-46.  Reprinted in American Forests: Nature, Culture and Politics,  ed. Char Miller, Lawrence: University of Kansas Press, 1997).

"Russian America and the United States: Merchants and Diplomats, 1787-1867," in Russian America: The Forgotten Frontier.  Tacoma: Washington State Historical Society, 1990, 45-67.

Interpreting Alaska's History: An Anthology of Scholarly Articles,  editor, with Prof. Mary Mangusso (University of Alaska), Anchorage: Alaska Pacific University Press, 1989, 1990 (2nd edition), 1993 (3rd edition), 1995 (4th edition; in conjunction with University of Washington Press).

"Washington and Alaska, and the First Round-the-World Airplane Flight, April-September, 1924," Columbia,  November, 1989, 34-44.

"Alaska Native Brotherhood Conventions: Sites and Grand Officers, 1912-1959,"

Alaska History,  No. 6, Fall, 1989, 42-48.

"Rediscovering Alaska: Ways of Thinking About Alaska History," Pacifica,  September, 1989, 1-33.

A Warm Past: Travels in Alaska History, Fifty Essays ,  Anchorage: Press North, 1988; xiii & 157 pp.

"Early Perceptions of Aviation in Anchorage: A Frontier Newspaper's Ambivalent  Fascination with the Air  Age, 1925-1926,"  Alaska History,  No. 5, Fall, 1988

"William Paul, Sr, and the Alaska Voters' Literacy Act  of 1925," Alaska History, No. 3, Fall, 1986.

"The Frontier Letters of a Post Commander's Wife: Marietta Davis at Sitka, 1867," Alaska History,  No. 2, Winter, 1985-86 (editor).

"‘Races of A Questionable Ethnical Type’: Origins of Bureau of Education Jurisdiction in Alaska, 1867-1885," Pacific Northwest Quarterly, October, 1984

"Sheldon Jackson and the Constitutionality of the School Contract System in Alaska, 1885-1894," Pacific Historian, Spring, 1984

"Starfleet  Disaster:  Maritime Accidents on the Alaska  Packers' Assn. 'Star Line',  1893-1929,"  Proceedings,   Maritime Archaeology Conference;  Fairbanks:  UA Arctic Environmental Information and Data Center, 1983

Alaska  Bibliography:  An Introductory Guide to Alaskan  Historical Literature, ed., Portland: Binford and Mort, 1977, 270 pp.

"Freedom,  Justice and Equality:  Alaska and the Bicentennial," in Land and the Pursuit of  Happiness, eds., Lenz and Label; Los Angeles: Western Humanities Center,  1975, introduction by Robert Nisbet

Alaska  and America: A Comparative Chronology, Juneau:  Alaska Department of Education, 1974 and 1980   28 pp.

co-author, Moment of Truth: The Special Relationship of Alaska Natives to the Federal Government, with Stephen Conn and Bart Kaloa Garber, and appendix (sole author), Anchorage: UAA Criminal Justice Center, 1981                                 

co-author, Woman's Place is in the History Books: HER-STORY, 1620-1980: A Curriculum Guide for American History Teachers.  Princeton: Woodrow Wilson National Fellowship Foundation, 1981                                          

"Reflections on Alaska Native History,"  90 min. television production (cassette) and instructional manual, UA Center for Instructional Television, 1982  (shown on  statewide instructional television network, 1982

"The  Space Settlement Papers," Journal of the  British Interplanetary Society, July, 1986, 291-311 (four brief essays, ed., Eric Jones).

Weekly column, "Alaska Yesterday," Anchorage Times, January, 1984 - August, 1988

190  historic site descriptions and 38 historic trail descriptions for "Official Alaska State  Map," Hearne Brothers (Detroit, Michigan), 1985

35 biographical sketches of Alaska territorial and state Speakers of the state Houses of Representatives, for Directory of Speakers of State and Territorial  Houses of Representatives, Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, in press (1990).