Raymond Anthony

Professor, Ph.D., Purdue University
Ethical Theory, Animal-Environmental-Food Ethics, Philosophy of Technology

Ray Anthony1

ADM - 260
Email: rxanthony@uaa.alaska.edu
Phone: 907.786.4459ADM - 260

I am interested in environmental, food, animal and agricultural ethics, and ethical theory.  Currently, I am pursuing research in global food security and climate ethics.  I also specialize in Philosophy of Technology, in particular issues dealing with social justice, participatory democracy, future generations and responsible citizenship.

 

Sample Undergraduate Student Mentoring

Laura Vaught (senior, economics major), "Drug Offenders in the US Prison System: A Utilitarian Perspective". University of Alaska Anchorage Student Showcase, 10 April, 2014.

Zachary Shoemaker (senior, environmental studies), "Exploring a Framework for Assessing the Moral Health of Anchorage, Alaska, through the lenses of Food and Health, and Environmental, Social, Economic Justice (respectively) and Deliberative Ethics: A Pilot Project". 2012 Undergraduate Research and Discovery Symposium, University of Alaska Anchorage, 13 April, 2012.

Rachel Wintz (Master of Ceremonies, junior, sociology major), Environmental Justice: The Road Less Travelled, University of Alaska Anchorage, 13 April, 2012.

UAA's FLEUR and NIH's ENHIP grants supported Colin Walker, Rachel Wintz and Chad Risinger's research assistantships in Spring 2012. Colin was sponsored by the National Science Foundation to participate in IPY 2012 in Montreal (http://www.ipy2012montreal.ca/). He also presented at the 15th International Congress on Circumpolar Health, 5-12 August 2012, Fairbanks, AK (http://www.icch15.com/welcome) on climate ethics and native ways of knowing.

Danielle Giles (Service Learning Project, senior, philosophy major), "Food security in Alaska: Risky business or helpful strategy?" 2011 Undergraduate Research and Discovery Symposium, University of Alaska Anchorage, 14 April, 2011 and 2011 Joint Annual Meetings of the Agriculture, Food, and Human Values Society (AFHVS), Association for the Study of Food and Society (ASFS), &Society for Anthropology of Food and Nutrition Food and Agriculture Under the Big Sky Conference, University of Montana –Missoula, 9-12 June, 2011.

Michaela Hernadez (Senior Thesis, co-supervised with Bill Jamison), "Multiculturalism and Equality: A Case Study of Sharia Law in the Great Britain". 2011 Undergraduate Research and Discovery Symposium, University of Alaska Anchorage, 14 April, 2011.

Rachel Wintz (sophomore, sociology major), "At Least You Don't Sound Smart: Eradicating Sarcasm from our Sphere of Influence." University of Alaska Anchorage Student Showcase, April 7, 2011.

 

 

Recent Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles

Anthony, R. 2014. Atmospheric Commons as a Public Trust Resource: The Common Heritage of Mankind Principle in Dialogue with Duties of Citizenship. Ethics, Policy and Environment. 17:1, 43-48.

O'Connor, A., Anthony, R., Bergamasco, L., Coetzee, J., Gould, S., Johnson, AK, Karriker, LA., and Marchant-Forde, JN., Martineau, GS., McKean, J., Millman, ST., Niekamp, S., Pajor, EA., Rutherford, K., Sprague, M., Sutherland, M., von Borell, E and Dzikamunhenga, RS. 2014. Pain Management in the Neonatal Piglet During Routine Management Procedures. Part 2: Grading the Quality of Evidence and the Strength of Recommendations. Animal Health Research Reviews. 15(1): 39-62.

Dzikamunhenga, RS., Anthony, R., Coetzee, J., Gould, S., Johnson, AK., Karriker, LA., McKean, J., Millman, ST., Niekamp, SR., O'Connor, A. 2014. Pain Management in the Neonatal Piglet During Routine Management Procedures. Part 1: A Systematic Review of Randomized and Non-Randomized Intervention Studies. Animal Health Research Reviews. 15 (1): 14-38.

Anthony, R. 2013. Animistic Pragmatism and Native Ways of Knowing: Adaptive Strategies for Overcoming the Struggle for Food in the Sub-Arctic. International Journal of Circumpolar Health 72: Supplement 1: 21224 - http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/ijch.v72i0.21224

Anthony, R. 2012a. "Taming the Unruly Side of Ethics: Overcoming Challenges of a Bottom-Up Approach to Ethics in the Areas of Climate Change and Food Security." Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics, 25 (6): 813-841.

Anthony, R. 2012b. "Building a Sustainable Future for Animal Agriculture: An Environmental Virtue Ethic of Care Approach within the Philosophy of Technology" Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics (Special Supplement on Sustainable Food Production and Ethics), 25(2): 123-144.

Heleski, C., and Anthony, R. 2012. "Science Alone is not Always Enough: The Importance of Ethical Assessment for a More Comprehensive View of Equine Welfare." Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research, 7 (3): 169-178.

Croney, C. and Anthony, R. 2011. "Ruminating Conscientiously: Scientific and Socio-ethical Challenges for the US Dairy Industry." Journal of Dairy Science, 94 (2): 539-546.

Gjerris, M., Gamborg, C., Röcklinsberg, H., and Anthony, R. 2010. "The Price of Responsibility: Ethics of Animal Husbandry in a Time of Climate Change." Journal of Agriculture and Environmental Ethics, 24(4): 331-350.

Croney, C. and Anthony, R. 2009. " Engaging Science in a Climate of Values: Tools for Animal Scientists Tasked with Addressing Ethical Problems." Journal of Animal Science, 88: E75-E81. Doi:10.2527/jas.2009-2353.

 
 

Refereed Book Chapters

Underwood, W., McGlone, J., Swanson, J., Anderson, K., and Anthony, R. 2014. "Agricultural Animal Welfare," In K. Bayne and P Turner (eds.) Laboratory Animal Welfare: American College of Laboratory Animal Medicine Series (Elsevier), 233-278.

Anthony, R., Hoanca, B., and Mock, K. 2012. "Biometric Authentication in the Digital Age: Rights, Risks and Responsibilities," In Ch. M Akrivopoulou and N. Garipidis (eds.) Human Rights and Risks in the Digital Era: Globalization and the Effects of Information Technologies (IGI Global Publishing), 125-151.

Anthony, R. and Thompson, PB.2004. "Biosafety, Ethics, and Regulation of Transgenic Animals." In Handbook of Genetically Modified Organisms—Mammalian, Microbial, and Plant Cells: Technologies, Economic Impact and Challenges (Humana Press), 183-205.  

 

Other Recent Publications

Proceedings

Anthony, R., Gjerris, M., and Rocklinsberg, H. 2013. "Ethics and Fish Welfare: Animal, Human and Environmental Considerations." Proceedings of the 11th Congress of the European Society for Agriculture and Food Ethics (EurSafe) The Ethics of Consumption –The Citizen, The Market and the Law, Wageningen Academic Publishers.

Millman, S., Sadler, L., Johnson, A., Karriker, L., Shearer, J., Dewell, G., Dewell, R., Xin, H., O'Connnor, A., Sutherland, M., Coetzee, J., Anthony, R., 2012. An Examination of Argon Gas for On-farm Anesthesia and Euthanasia of Livestock. Proceedings of the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture Animal Health and Welfare Project Director Meeting, Chicago, IL, Dec.1, 2012, p.73.

Co-Authored Technical Reports

2015. Council for Agricultural Science and Technology (CAST) Well-being of Agricultural Animals Task Force.

2013. AVMA Guidelines for the Euthanasia of Animals: 2013 Edition.

2013. National Pork Board External Scientific Report: Reviewing the State of Scientific Evidence and Developing Recommendations about Pain Mitigation Strategies in Piglets Undergoing Routine Processing Procedures.

Editorials

Section Editor, Food and Agricultural Sciences. 2014. Encyclopedia of Food and Agricultural Ethics, Thompson, PB., Bawden, R., Kaplan, DM, and Millar, K. (Eds.) Springer: The Netherlands. http://refworks.springer.com/mrw/index.php?id=3792.

Helweg Hanson, K and Anthony, R. 2014. Living Ethically in the Global World. Proceedings of the University of Alaska Anchorage (UAA) Ethics Center Convocation and Ninth Annual Undergraduate Conference.

Anthony, R. Guest Editor. 2012. Ethics and the Environment: Special Issue on Climate Ethics, 17(2).

Anthony, R. Issues Editor. September 2011. Social Justice and Food: Expanding our Circles and Envisioning New Frontiers, European Society for Agriculture and Food Ethics (EurSafe) Newsletter, http://www.eursafe.org/pdf/2011/EurSafeNews-Vol-13-No-3.pdf.

Reynnells, R., Anthony, R., Crawford, S (eds.). 2010. Proceedings of the Bioethics Symposium: Should Animal Welfare be Law or Market Driven? Joint Annual Meeting of the American Society of Animal Science American Dairy Science Association Poultry Science Association, Denver, Colorado July 13, 2010.

Lien, M and Anthony, R. (eds.) 2007. Special Issue "Food and Politics," Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics, 20 (5).

Reviews

Anthony, R. June 2012. Review of Hakim, A. 2011. Understanding Morality. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ, Teaching Philosophy, 35(3).

Newsletters

Anthony, R. June 2014. "Animal Agriculture as a Public Trust Resource: A North American Perspective. European Society of Agriculture and Food Ethics (EurSafe) Newsletter. 

Lee, K (ed.) 21 February 2014. "Experts Provide Perspectives on Undercover Videos" Progressive Dairyman Issue 4. http://www.progressivedairy.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=11840:experts-provide-perspectives-on-undercover-videos&catid=36:industry-news&Itemid=62.

Anthony, R. 2014. "Dairy Cattle Welfare from an Ethicist's Perspective" Progressive Dairyman. http://www.progressivedairy.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=12014:dairy-cattle-welfare-from-an-ethicistsperspective&catid=49:management&Itemid=75.

Encyclopedia Entries

Anthony, R., The Role of Food and Agricultural Sciences in Society, Encyclopedia of Food and Agricultural Ethics. Thompson, PB., Bawden, R., Kaplan, DM, and Millar, K. (Eds.) Springer: The Netherlands, scheduled for 2014 (4000 words).

Croney, C., and Anthony, R., Ethics, Food Animals and Quality Assurance Programs, Encyclopedia of Food and Agricultural Ethics. Thompson, PB., Bawden, R., Kaplan, DM, and Millar, K. (Eds.) Springer: The Netherlands, scheduled for 2014 (4000 words).  

 

External Grants Awarded

2010-13 USDA Challenge Grant for "Development of an Integrated Curriculum for Animal Bioethics: Teaching Farm Animal Welfare, Agricultural Environmental Ethics, and Rural Societal Issues Based on a Cross-disciplinary Pedagogy" (Co-PI with Candace Croney, Purdue University, Gary Varner, Texas A &M University;Janice Swanson, Michigan State University;Janice Siegford, Michigan State University, and Ray Stricklin, University of Maryland) $433,697.

2012-13 Environmental Health Information Partnership (NLM/NIH) "Exploring a Framework for Assessing the Moral Health of Anchorage, Alaska, through the Lenses of Food and Health, and Environmental, Social, Economic Justice and Deliberative Ethics: A Pilot Project," $5000.

2011-12 National Science Foundation (NSF) Arctic Social Sciences Program, $48,303.

2011-15 USDA Agriculture and Food Research Initiative Foundational Grants Program "An Examination of Argon Gas for On-farm Anesthesia and Euthanasia of Livestock–Quantifying Animal Welfare, Worker Satisfaction, Public Attitudes and Economic Factors," (Suzanne Millman, ISU, Pl).

2010-12 Development and Trials of Teaching Tools (e.g., Multi-player Role Game) to Acquire Competence in Ethical, Social and Legal Aspects related to Modern Agrifood-Technologies," (Leire Escajedo, University of the Basque Country, PI).

2008-10 Nordforsk Grant to facilitate PhD Courses in Food and Agricultural Ethics (Vonne Lund, Norwegian Veterinary Institute, PI), $200,000.  

 

Recent Invited Colloquia

"Integrating Ethical Considerations into Animal Science Research: Safety, Quality, Security, Humaneness and Sustainability,"Considerations for the Future of Animal Agriculture Science Research Second Committee Meeting, National Research Council's Science and Technology for Sustainability (STS) Program/Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources, The National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC, May 13, 2014.

"Pragmatic Ethics for Laboratory Animal Welfare: What Does "As Far as Can Reasonably be Demanded," Mean?" The Enrichment Record, March 3, 2014 (Animal Welfare Ethics Webinar).

Panelist, "Climate Ethics: Theatre of the Oppressed Meets Ethics Roundtables, "Conference on Role Games and Simulations in the EHEA, University of the Basque Country, Bilbao, Spain, December 11, 2013 (Webcast).

Panelist, "Climate Change, Mourning and the Ethics of Hope," UAA Center for Community Engagement and Learning ENGAGE Week, University of Alaska Anchorage, November 6, 2013.

"Current Developments in Applied Ethics and Food Animals: A Perspective from the United States," Workshop on Current Developments in Applied Animal Ethics in Europe, Unit of Ethics and Human-Animal Studies, Messerli Research Institute University of Veterinary Medicine, Vienna, Austria, March 28, 2013.

"Attending to Domestic and International Demands for Animal Welfare in Brazil: The Role of Science and Professionalism when Dealing with Multi-dimensional Social and Scientific Challenges in Animal Agriculture," Center for Veterinary Medicine, Paranavaí, Parana, Brazil, 25 January, 2013 (with Dr. Andreia De Paula Vieira).

"Integrating Science into Socio-ethical Deliberations on Animal Welfare and Care Policy: How can Instruments Like GRADE Help to Mitigate Pain in Farmed Pigs." National Pork Board: Pain Management Review, Des Moines, IA, February 12-14, 2013.

"Global Food Security: The Inextricable Link Between Animal and Human Welfare." Global Food Security Conference: Food Security Challenges and Solutions, University of Nottingham-China, Shanghai, China, November 6, 2012.

"Consciousness, Cognition and Animal Ethics in Food Production." Conference on Animal Consciousness, Universidade Federal do Paraná, Curitiba, Brazil, October 23, 2012.

"Emerging Trends in Farm Animal Welfare Ethics." Universidade Federal do Paraná, Curitiba, Brazil, September 27, 2012.

"Major Philosophical Approaches to Animal Ethics: A View Towards the Welfarist-Rights Debate." Universidade Federal do Paraná, Curitiba, Brazil, August 22, 2012. 

Session Keynote, "Assessing the Merits of Animal Welfare Assessment Tools: A Philosophical Framework from Virtue Ethics and Narrative Ethics." Symposium on Bioethical Challenges in Education: New Challenges and Opportunities. 2012 ADSA-AMPA-ASAS-CSAS-WSASAS Joint Annual Meeting, July 15-19, 2012.

"Animal Welfare Utilitarianism and Contemporary Philosophical Animal Ethics". Hankuk Foreign Studies University, Seoul, Korea, May 9, 2012.

"Why Korea Should be Concerned about Animal Welfare Ethics". Hankuk Foreign Studies University, Yongin, Korea, May 1, 2012.

"Food and Us: Are We a "We are What We Eat" or "We Eat What We are" Food Culture?" Pre-law and Humanities Forum, Hankuk Foreign Studies University, Seoul, Korea, April 30, 2012.

"Food Ethics as More than Food Security: Why Asia Needs to Lead the Way in Discourses around Animal Welfare and Climate Change" Conference on Agricultural Ethics in East Asian Perspective, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan, March 1, 2012. 

 

Sample Conference Presentations

Anthony, R., Gjerris, M., and Röcklinsberg, H. "Ethics and Fish Welfare: Animal, Human and Environmental Considerations." 11th Congress of the European Society for Agriculture and Food Ethics (EurSafe) The Ethics of Consumption –The Citizen, The Market and the Law, Wageningen Academic Publishers. Uppsala, Sweden, September 11-14 2013.

"Animistic Pragmatism and Native Ways of Knowing: Adaptive Strategies for Responding to Environmental Change and Overcoming the Struggle for Food in the Sub-Arctic" (presented by Colin Walker, Research Assistant, travel funded by NSF stipend), 15th International Union of Circumpolar Health, Fairbanks, Alaska, 5-10 August, 2012 and 10th Congress of the European Society for Agricultural and Food Ethics: Climate Change and Sustainable Development: Ethical Perspectives on Land Use and Food Production, Tübingen University, Germany, 30 May-2 June, 2012.

Panelist, "Wide Reflective Equilibrium and the Ethics of Food Consumption." Food Ethics and the Problems of Motivation: A Cultural Dialogue. The Second Asian Association of World Historians Congress, Ewha Women's University, Seoul, April 26-28, 2012.

"Moral knowledge and Sustainability: Inupiaq Subsistence Constructs in Dialogue with American Pragmatism a la Agrarianism," The Seventh International Congress of Arctic Social Sciences Circumpolar Perspectives in Global Dialogue: Social Sciences beyond the International Polar Year, Akureyri, Iceland, 22-26 June 2011.

"A Rawlsian Addendum to Paul Thompson's Agrarian Vision: 21st Century Deliberative Democracy meets Jeffersonian Agrarianism," Food and Agriculture Under the Big Sky: People, Partnership, Policies. Joint Annual Meetings of the Agriculture, Food, and Human Values Society (AFHVS), Association for the Study of Food and Society (ASFS), & Society for Anthropology of Food and Nutrition, University of Montana-Missoula, June 9-12, 2011.

Panelist, "Deliberative Democracy and Farm Animal Welfare: A View from Pragmatic Ethics." Alienated at the Table: Getting to Know Our Food Again Through a Sustainable Ethics of Consumption. Food and Agriculture Under the Big Sky: People, Partnership, Policies. Joint Annual Meetings of the Agriculture, Food, and Human Values Society (AFHVS), Association for the Study of Food and Society (ASFS), & Society for Anthropology of Food and Nutrition, University of Montana-Missoula, June 9-12, 2011.  

 

Conference and Symposium Organizer

Co-Chair, "Living Ethically in a Global World," 9th Annual (International) Undergraduate Philosophy Conference and UAA Ethics Center Inaugural Convocation, University of Alaska Anchorage, March 27-29, 2014. https://www.uaa.alaska.edu/philosophy/undergraduate_philosophy_conference/

"Climate Change and Impacts on Health, Food Security, and Environmental and Social Justice: A Public Conversation," University of Alaska Anchorage, March 22, 2012. http://greenandgold.uaa.alaska.edu/podcasts/index.php?id=618

"Environmental Justice: The Road Less Travelled," April 13, 2012. http://greenandgold.uaa.alaska.edu/podcasts/index.php?id=633

National Science Foundation Climate Ethics Works-In-Progress Workshop, University of Alaska Anchorage, September 2011. http://www.uaa.alaska.edu/nsfclimateethics/  

 

Sample Workshops Co-Facilitated and/or Co-Organized

Food Security: Animal Welfare and Sustainability (PhD course in science and veterinary medicine), University of Londrina, Londrina, Brazil, October 21-22, 2013 (with Dr. Jose Fregonesi).

Ruminating Conscientiously: Scientific and Socio-ethical Challenges for Animal Welfare: Brazilian and Global Perspectives (post-graduate students in animal science and veterinary medicine), University of Londrina, Londrina, Brazil, May 21-24, 2013 (with Dr. Jose Fregonesi).

Animal Ethics and Animal Welfare Science: Marrying the two cultures (post-graduate students in animal science and veterinary medicine), University of Londrina, Londrina, Brazil, November 28-30, 2012 (with Drs. Jose Fregonesi and Andreia De Paula Vieira).

PhD Course in Leaving Footprints: Ethical, Social and Legal Issues in Connection with the Impact of Food Production on Climate Change (funded by a grant from Nordforsk and under the auspices of the Nordic Network of Agriculture and Food Ethics, grant co-author), Vilnius, Lithuania, August 24-30th, 2009. 

 

Sample Professional Development Workshops

29 January 2014 Prevent Suicide: A Workshop for UAA Faculty, The UAA Integrated Suicide Prevention Initiative and Center for Behavioral Health Research and Services, University of Alaska Anchorage.

17-18 October 2013 World Organization for Animal Health/Organisation Mondiale de la Santé Animale (OIE) Regional conference on animal Welfare and International Trade, Montevideo, Uruguay.

27 March 2013 Symposium: Taking Ethical Considerations Into Account? Methods to Carry Out the Harm-Benefit Analysis According to the EU Directive 2010/63/EU, Unit of Ethics and Human-Animal Studies, Messerli Research Institute, University of Veterinary Medicine, Vienna, Austria.

7 November 2011 Climate Scientists, Native Elders, Religious Leaders on Climate Change, Center for Advancing Faculty Excellence (CAFÉ) UAA/APU Difficult Dialogues and the UAA Sustainability Office, University of Alaska Anchorage, Anchorage, AK.

10-14 June 2011 New England Complex Systems Institute (NECSI), MIT Project Title: Understanding Growth of Terrorist Networks on Social Media

4-7 May 2011 Classrooms for Climate: A Symposium on the Changing Chugach, Northern Ecosystems, and the Implications for Science and Society, University of Alaska Anchorage, Anchorage, AK.  

 

Professional Service

2014 The Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO, the Dutch Research Council), Expert Reviewer

2014 University of Nottingham Research Study on the Potential Value of Reducing Global Food Loss, Expert Commentator

2014 Pork Foresight Expert Panel, National Pork Board, USA

2010-Present Universidade Estadual Londrina (UEL), Welfare Group, Londrina, Brazil

2011-Present Center for Food Integrity, Animal Care Panel

2010-2012 IUCH (International Union for Circumpolar Health) Food Security Working Group

2010 CAST (Council for Agricultural Science and Technology) Steering Committee, Animal Welfare Symposium

2010/2014 Alaska Food Policy Council

2009-Present American Veterinary Association Panel on Euthanasia, Panel on Humane Slaughter, and Animal Welfare Committee (Ethics Advisor)

2009-2012 Agriculture, Food and Human Values (Council Member)

2009-Present Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations, Portal Participant: Gateway to Farm Animal Welfare