Raymond Anthony

Associate Professor, Ph.D., Purdue University
Ethical Theory, Animal-Environmental-Food Ethics, Philosophy of Technology

Ray Anthony1

ADM - 260
Email: rxanthony@uaa.alaska.edu
Phone: 907.786.4459ADM - 260

I am interested in environmental, food, animal and agricultural ethics, and ethical theory.  Currently, I am pursuing research in global food security and climate ethics.  I also specialize in Philosophy of Technology, in particular issues dealing with social justice, participatory democracy, future generations and responsible citizenship.

Besides travel and food, I enjoy the company of good friends and good music.


Examples of Undergraduate Theses/Projects Supervised
 
Here are some examples of highly motivated and brilliant students with whom I've had the opportunity to work.

Colin Walker (Research Assistant, Environmental Ethics, PHIL/ENVI 303)

UAA's FLEUR and NIH's ENHIP grants supported Colin Walker, Rachel Wintz and Chad Risinger's research assistantships in Spring 2012.  Colin was sponsored by NSF to participate in IPY 2012 in Montreal (http://www.ipy2012montreal.ca/).  He will also be presenting at the 15th International Congress on Circumpolar Health, 5-12 August 2012, Fairbanks, AK (http://www.icch15.com/welcome) on climate ethics and native ways of knowing.

Danielle Giles (Service Learning Project)

Food security in Alaska: Risky business or helpful strategy? Danielle is exploring the effects of food insecurity in Alaska (namely, in Anchorage and the Mat-Su Valley) with the aim of improving this condition while also appropriately managing the risks involved. Danielle is a recipient of an Office of Undergraduate Research and Scholarship Grant.  Danielle will present her research at the 2011 Undergraduate Research and Discovery Symposium.  Danielle will also be presenting her research at the joint 2011 Annual Meetings of the Agriculture, Food, and Human Values Society (AFHVS), Association for the Study of Food and Society (ASFS), & Society for Anthropology of Food and Nutrition Food and Agriculture Under the Big Sky conference at the University of Montana – Missoula, between June 9 – 12, 2011.

Michaela Hernadez (Senior Thesis, Co-supervised with Bill Jamison)

Multiculturalism and Equality: A Case Study of Sharia Law in the Great Britain. Michaela's thesis explores the tension that arises in Western Liberal democracies when they try to balance minority group rights with societal bright line standards.Her case study for this thesis will be the use of Sharia courts in Great Britain, where the practices directly come into conflict with society's standard of equality, as per British law.Michaela will present her research at the 2011 Undergraduate Research and Discovery Symposium.

Rachel Wintz (Student Showcase Project). Rachel has the honor of presenting her essay titled, "At Least you Don't Sound Smart: Eradicating Sarcasm from our Sphere of Influence," at the 27th Annual Student Showcase Conference, April 7, 2011.

Selected Presentations

Panelist, "Climate Change, Mourning and the Ethics of Hope," UAA Center for Community Engagement and Learning ENGAGE Week," University of Alaska Anchorage, November 6, 2013. 

"Ethics and Fish Welfare: Animal, Human and Environmental Considerations." 11th Congress of the European Society for Agriculture and Food Ethics (EurSafe) The Ethics of Consumption – The Citizen, The Market and the Law, Wageningen Academic Publishers. Uppsala, Sweden, September 11-14 2013 (with Drs. Mickey Gjerris and Helena Röcklinsberg).

"Current Developments in Applied Ethics and Food Animals: A Perspective from the United States," Workshop on Current Developments in Applied Animal Ethics in Europe, Unit of Ethics and Human-Animal Studies, Messerli Research Institute University of Veterinary Medicine, Vienna, Austria, March 28, 2013.

"Attending to Domestic and International Demands for Animal Welfare in Brazil: The Role of Science and Professionalism when Dealing with Multi-dimensional Social and Scientific Challenges in Animal Agriculture," Center for Veterinary Medicine, Paranavaí, Parana, Brazil, 25 January, 2013 (with Dr. Andreia De Paula Vieira).

"Integrating Science into Socio-ethical Deliberations on Animal Welfare and Care Policy: How can Instruments Like GRADE Help to Mitigate Pain in Farmed Pigs." National Pork Board: Pain Management Review, Des Moines, IA, February 12-14, 2013.

"Animal Ethics and Animal Welfare Science: Marrying the two cultures," University of Londrina, Londrina, Brazil, November 28-30, 2012 (Workshop for post-graduate students in animal science and veterinary medicine co-facilitated with Drs. Jose Fregonesi and Andreia De Paula Vieira).

"Global Food Security: The Inextricable Link Between Animal and Human Welfare." Global Food Security Conference: Food Security Challenges and Solutions, University of Nottingham-China, Shanghai, China, November 6, 2012.

"Consciousness, Cognition and Animal Ethics in Food Production." Conference on Animal Consciousness, Universidade Federal do Paraná, Curitiba, Brazil, October 23, 2012.

"Animistic Pragmatism and Native Ways of Knowing: Adaptive Strategies for Responding to Environmental Change and Overcoming the Struggle for Food in the Sub-Arctic" (presented by Colin Walker, PHIL 303 Research Assistant), 15th International Union of Circumpolar Health, Fairbanks, Alaska, 5-10 August, 2012.

Assessing the Merits of Animal Welfare Assessment Tools: A Philosophical Framework from Virtue Ethics and Narrative Ethics. Symposium on Bioethical Challenges in Education: New Challenges and Opportunities. 2012 ADSA-AMPA-ASAS-CSAS-WSASAS Joint Annual Meeting, July 15-19, 2012.

"Animistic Pragmatism and Native Ways of Knowing: Adaptive Strategies for Responding to Environmental Change and Overcoming the Struggle for Food in the Arctic" 10th Congress of the European Society for Agricultural and Food Ethics: Climate Change and Sustainable Development: Ethical Perspectives on Land Use and Food Production, Tübingen University, Germany, 30 May-2 June, 2012.

"Wide Reflective Equilibrium and the Ethics of Food Consumption, Panel on Food Ethics and the Problems of Motivation: A Cultural Dialogue," The Second Asian Association of World Historians Congress at Seoul, Ewha Woman's University, April 26-28, 2012.

"Food Ethics as More than Food Security: Why Asia Needs to Lead the Way in Discourses around Animal Welfare and Climate Change" Conference on Agricultural Ethics in East Asian Perspective, National Taiwan University on March 1, 2012.

"Critical-Thinking Strategies and Virtue Ethics in Food and Agro-Biotechnology," University of the Basque Country, Bilbao, Spain, November 17-18, 2011.

"Subsistence Rights in a Time of Climate Challenges: An Alaskan Perspective," University of the Basque Country, Leioa, Spain, November 16, 2011.

"Agrarian Pragmatism for Food Ethics: A Framework for Ethical-Decision Making," Humanities Colloquium, Chung Ang University, Seoul, Korea, August 3, 2011.

"Ethics, The Moral Status of Individual Animals and Human Obligations: A Philosophical Primer," NSF REU Summer Program in Ecology and Physiological Ecology in Alaska, University of Alaska Anchorage, July 19, 2011.

"Veterinary Medical Ethics and Euthanasia," American Veterinary Medical Association Annual Convention, St. Louis, MO, July 16-19, 2011.

"Moral knowledge and Sustainability: Inupiaq subsistence constructs in dialogue with American Pragmatism a ala Agrarianism," The Seventh International Congress of Arctic Social Sciences Circumpolar Perspectives in Global Dialogue: Social Sciences beyond the International Polar Year, Akureyri, Iceland, 22-26 June 2011.

"A Rawlsian Addendum to Paul Thompson's Agrarian Vision: 21st Century Deliberative Democracy meets Jeffersonian Agrarianism," Food and Agriculture Under the Big Sky: People, Partnership, Policies. Joint Annual Meetings of the Agriculture, Food, and Human Values Society (AFHVS), Association for the Study of Food and Society (ASFS), & Society for Anthropology of Food and Nutrition, University of Montana-Missoula, June 9-12, 2011.

Panelist, "Deliberative Democracy and Farm Animal Welfare: A View from Pragmatic Ethics: Alienated at the Table: Getting to Know Our Food Again Through a Sustainable Ethics of Consumption," Food and Agriculture Under the Big Sky: People, Partnership, Policies. Joint Annual Meetings of the Agriculture, Food, and Human Values Society (AFHVS), Association for the Study of Food and Society (ASFS), & Society for Anthropology of Food and Nutrition, University of Montana-Missoula, June 9-12, 2011.

"Considering the Ethical Matrix in the Context of Veterinary Medicine," American Veterinary Medical Association Animal Welfare Committee Meeting, Schaumburg, IL, April 1, 2011.

"Research Ethics Concerns Arising from Animals and Biotechnology," Livestock Biotech Summit, Sioux Falls, South Dakota, September 29, 2010.

"Taming the Unruly Side of Ethics: Overcoming Challenges of a Bottom-Up Approach to Ethics in the Areas of Climate Change and Food Security," Food in Bloom: Cross Pollination and Cultivation of Food Systems, Cultures and Methods, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN, June 2-6, 2010; and Global Food Security: Ethical and Legal Challenges. 9th Congress of the European Society for Agricultural and Food Ethics, 16-18, University of Deusto - University of the Basque Country, Bilbao, Spain, 16-18 September 2010.

Convener and Panelist, "Author Meets Critics: Paul Thompson, The Agrarian Vision: Sustainability and Environmental Ethics?" Food in Bloom: Cross Pollination and Cultivation of Food Systems and Methods, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN, June 2-6, 2010.

"The Ethics of Campus Sustainability Initiatives: Who's Minding the University?" 6th Sustainability Conference on Environmental, Cultural, Economic and Social Sustainability, University of Cuenca, Ecuador, January 5-7, 2010.

"On the Mental Life of Fish: An Examination of Key Philosophical Arguments Both Old and New with an Eye to Concerns Related to Moral Status and Welfare" 43rd Congress of the International Society for Applied Ethology, Cairns, Australia, July 6-10, 2009.

"Overcoming the Moral Psychology of Denial: How to Communicate More Effectively about Food Ethics" 8th Congress of the European Society for Agricultural and Food Ethics, Nottingham, The United Kingdom, July 2-4, 2009.

"On the Mental Life of Fish and Fish Welfare" Conference on Fish Welfare, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil, June 11-12, 2009.

"Considering the Ethical Matrix for Animal Welfare" Diverse Voices in Agriculture A Series of Education Seminars, US Department of Agriculture, Washington D.C., January 22, 2009.

Panelist, "Moral Testimonies a Re-examined: Integrating Moral Knowledge: Inupiaq Subsistence Constructs in Dialogue with Western Approached on the Moral Status of Animals" 22nd World Congress of Philosophy, Seoul, Korea, July 30 - August 5, 2008.

"Bioethics from 1995-2008: How Far Have We Come?" Joint Annual Meeting of the American Society of Animal Sciences and the American Dairy Science Association, Indianapolis, Indiana, July 7-11, 2008.

Recent Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles

Anthony, R. 2013. Animistic Pragmatism and Native Ways of Knowing: Adaptive Strategies for Overcoming the Struggle for Food in the Sub-Arctic. International Journal of Circumpolar Health, 72: Supplement 1.

Anthony, R. 2012. "Taming the Unruly Side of Ethics: Overcoming Challenges of a Bottom-Up Approach to Ethics in the Areas of Climate Change and Food Security." Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics, 25: 813-841. DOI 10.1007/s10806-011-9358-7

Anthony, R. 2012. "Building a Sustainable Future for Animal Agriculture: An Environmental Virtue Ethic of Care Approach within the Philosophy of Technology" Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics Special Supplement on Sustainable Food Production and Ethics, 25 (2): 123-144. Doi. 10.1007/s10806-010-9285-z.

Anthony, R. 2012. "The Ethics of Food for Tomorrow: On the Viability of Agrarianism," Author Meets Critics: Paul Thompson, The Agrarian Vision: Sustainability and Environmental Ethics?" Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics, 25(4): 543-552. Doi 10.1007/s10806-011-9340-4.

Heleski, C., and Anthony, R. 2012. "Science Alone is not Always Enough: The Importance of Ethical Assessment for a More Comprehensive View of Equine Welfare." Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research, 7(30): 169-178.

Croney, C. and Anthony, R. 2011. "Ruminating Conscientiously: Scientific and Socio-ethical Challenges for the US Dairy Industry." Journal of Dairy Science.,94 (2): 539-546.

Gamborg, C., Gjerris, M., Rocklinsberg, H., and Anthony, R. 2010. "The Price of Responsibility: Animal Ethics in a Time of Climate Change." Journal of Agriculture and Environmental Ethics, 24(4): 331-350.

Croney, C. and Anthony, R. 2009. "Engaging Science in a Climate of Values: Tools for Animal Scientists Tasked with Addressing Ethical Problems." Journal of Animal Science, 88: E75-E81. 

Anthony, R. 2009. "Farming Animals and the Capabilities Approach: Understanding Roles and Responsibilities Through Narrative Ethics." Society and Animals 17(3): 259-280.

Lund, V, Medjell, CM., Röcklinsberg, H, Anthony, R and Hastein, T. 2007. "Expanding the Moral Circle: Farmed Fish as Objects of Moral Concern." Diseases of Aquatic Organism: Disentangling Sociopolitical, Moral, Ethical and Scientific Aspects of Animal Welfare in Aquatic Organisms, 75: 109-118.

Book Chapters

Underwood, W., McGlone, J., Swanson, J., Anderson, K., and Anthony, R. 2014. "Agricultural Animal Welfare," In K. Bayne and P Turner (eds.) Laboratory Animal Welfare: American College of Laboratory Animal Medicine Series (Elsevier), 233-278.

Anthony, R., Hoanca, B., and Mock, K. 2012. "Biometric Authentication in the Digital Age: Rights, Risks and Responsibilities," In Ch. M Akrivopoulou and N. Garipidis (eds.) Human Rights and Risks in the Digital Era: Globalization and the Effects of Information Technologies (IGI Global Publishing), 125-151.

Anthony, R. and Thompson, PB.2004. "Biosafety, Ethics, and Regulation of Transgenic Animals." In Handbook of Genetically Modified Organisms—Mammalian, Microbial, and Plant Cells: Technologies, Economic Impact and Challenges (Humana Press), 183-205.

Significant Reports

2015. Council for Agricultural Science and Technology (CAST) Well-being of Agricultural Animals Task Force.

2013. AVMA Guidelines for the Euthanasia of Animals: 2013 Edition.

2013. National Pork Board External Scientific Report: Reviewing the State of Scientific Evidence and Developing Recommendations about Pain Mitigation Strategies in Piglets Undergoing Routine Processing Procedures.

Selected Editorials

Section Editor, Food and Agricultural Sciences. 2014. Encyclopedia of Food and Agricultural Ethics, Thompson, PB., Bawden, R., Kaplan, DM, and Millar, K. (Eds.) Springer: The Netherlands. http://refworks.springer.com/mrw/index.php?id=3792.

Guest Editor. 2012. Ethics and the Environment: Special Issue on Climate Ethics, 17(2).

2010. Proceedings of the Bioethics Symposium: Should Animal Welfare be Law or Market Driven? Joint Annual Meeting of the American Society of Animal Science American Dairy Science Association Poultry Science Association, Denver, Colorado July 13, 2010 (with Richard Reynnells and Sarah Crawford).

2007. Special Issue "Food and Politics," Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics, 20 (5) (with Marianne Lien).

Sample Grants and Awards

2012-14. USDA Agriculture and Food Research Initiative Foundational Grants Program "An Examination of Argon Gas for On-farm Anesthesia and Euthanasia of Livestock - Quantifying Animal Welfare, Worker Satisfaction, Public Attitudes and Economic Factors," (Suzanne Millman, ISU, Pl).

2010-13. USDA Challenge Grant for "Development of an Integrated Curriculum for Animal Bioethics: Teaching Farm Animal Welfare, Agricultural Environmental Ethics, and Rural Societal Issues Based on a Cross-Disciplinary Pedagogy" (Candace Croney, Purdue University, PI) $433,697.

2012-13. Environmental Health Information Partnership (NLM/NIH) and UAA Faculty Leadership in Expanding Undergraduate Research (FLEUR) "Exploring a Framework for Assessing the Moral Health of Anchorage, Alaska, through the Lenses of Food and Health, and Environmental, Social, Economic Justice and Deliberative Ethics: A Pilot Project," $10000.

2011-12. National Science Foundation (NSF) Arctic Social Sciences Program, $48,303.

2010-12. Development and Trials of Teaching Tools (e.g., Multi-player Role Game) to Acquire Competence in Ethical, Social and Legal Aspects related to Modern Agrifood-Technologies," (Leire Escajedo, University of the Basque Country, PI).

2008-10. Nordforsk Grant to facilitate PhD Courses in Food and Agricultural Ethics (Vonne Lund, Norwegian Veterinary Institute, PI), $200,000.