UA 2019 Drug-Free Schools Notification

In accordance with the Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act Amendments of 1989 and to promote healthy lifestyles and prevent the unlawful possession, use, or distribution of illicit drugs and alcohol by all students and employees, the University of Alaska presents the following information about health risks associated with drug and alcohol use; counseling and treatment resources; University policies and sanctions; and federal, state, and local law and legal sanctions.

Health Risks Associated With Substance Abuse

Alcohol

Alcohol consumption causes a number of marked changes in behavior. Even low doses significantly impair the judgment and coordination required to drive a car safely, increasing the likelihood that the driver will be involved in an accident. Low to moderate doses of alcohol also increase the incidence of a variety of aggressive acts, including spouse and child abuse. Moderate to high doses of alcohol cause marked impairments in higher mental functions, severely affecting a person's ability to learn and remember information. Very high doses cause respiratory depression and death. If combined with other depressants of the central nervous system, much lower doses of alcohol will produce these effects.

Repeated use of alcohol can lead to dependence. Sudden cessation of alcohol intake is likely to produce withdrawal symptoms, including severe anxiety, tremors, hallucinations, and convulsions. Alcohol withdrawal can be life threatening. Long term consumption of large quantities of alcohol, particularly when combined with poor nutrition, can also lead to permanent damage to vital organs such as the brain and the liver.

Women who drink alcohol during pregnancy may give birth to infants with fetal alcohol syndrome. These infants have irreversible physical abnormalities and intellectual disabilities. In addition, research indicates that children of parents with alcohol addiction are at a greater risk than others of developing an alcohol addiction.

From page 62 of “What Works: Schools Without Drugs” published by the US Department of Education

Drugs

Drug use can have a wide range of short-term, long-term, direct, and indirect effects. Short-term effects can range from changes in appetite, wakefulness, heart rate, blood pressure, and/or mood to heart attack, stroke, psychosis, overdose, and even death. These health effects may occur after just one use.

Longer-term effects can include heart or lung disease, cancer, mental illness, HIV/AIDS, hepatitis, and other diseases. Long-term drug use can also lead to addiction. Drug addiction is a brain disorder. Not everyone who uses drugs will become addicted, but for some, drug use can change how certain brain circuits work. These brain changes interfere with how people experience normal pleasures in life and can make it much more difficult for someone to stop taking the drug even when it's having negative effects on their life and they want to quit.

Drug use can also have indirect effects on both the people who are taking drugs and on those around them. This can include affecting a person's nutrition; sleep; decision-making and impulsivity; and risk for trauma, violence, injury, and communicable diseases. Drug use can also affect babies born to women who use drugs while pregnant. Broader negative outcomes may be seen in education level, employment, housing, relationships, and criminal justice involvement.

From National Institute on Drug Abuse. Health consequences of drug misuse.

Drugs of Abuse/Uses and Effects

Narcotics

Drugs CSA Schedules Trade or Other Names Medical Uses Dependence: Physical Dependence: Psychological Dependence: Tolerance Usual Method Possible Effects Effects of Overdose Withdrawal Syndrome
Heroin Substance I Diamorphine, Horse, Smack, Black tar, Chiva, Negra (black tar) None in U.S., Analgesic,Antitussive High High Yes Injected, snorted, smoked Euphoria, drowsiness, respiratory depression, constricted pupils, nausea Slow and shallow breathing, clammy skin, convulsions, coma, possible death Watery eyes, runny nose, yawning, loss of appetite, irritability, tremors, panic, cramps, nausea, chills and sweating
Morphine Substance II MS-Contin, Roxanol, Oramorph SR, MSIR Analgesic High High Yes Oral, injected
Hydrocodone Substance II, Product III, V Hydrocodone w/ Acetaminophen, Vicodin, Vicoprofen, Tussionex, Lortab Analgesic, Antitussive High High Yes Oral
Hydromophone SubstanceII Dilaudid Analgesic High High Yes Oral, injected
Oxycodone Substance II Roxicet, Oxycodone w/ Acetaminophen, OxyContin, Endocet, Percocet, Percodan Analgesic High High yes Oral
Codein Substance II, Product III, V Acetaminophen, Guaifenesin or Promethazine w/Codeine, Fiorinal, Fioricet or Tylenol w/Codeine Analgesic, Antitussive Moderate Moderate Yes Oral, injected
Other Narcotics Substance II, III, IV Fentanyl, Demerol, Methadone, Darvon, Stadol, Talwin, Paregoric, Buprenex Analgesic, Antidiarrheal, Antitussive High-Low High-Low Yes Oral, injected, snorted, smoked

Depressants

Drugs CSA Schedules Trade or Other Names Medical Uses Dependence: Physical Dependence: Psychological Dependence: Tolerance Usual Method Possible Effects Effects of Overdose Withdrawal Syndrome
gamma-Hydroxybutyric Acid Substance I, Product III GHB, Liquid Ecstasy, Liquid X, Sodium, Oxybate, Xyrem None in U.S., Anesthetic Moderate Moderate Yes Oral Slurred speech, disorientation, drunken behavior without odor of alcohol, impaired memory of events, interacts with alcohol Shallow respiration, clammy skin, dilated pupils, weak and rapid pulse, coma, possible death Anxiety, insomnia, tremors, delirium, convulsions, possible death
Benzodiazepines Substance IV Valium, Xanax, Halcion, Ativan, Restoril, Rohypnol (Roofies, R-2), Klonopin Antianxiety, Sedative,Anti-convulsant, Hypnotic, Muscle Relaxant Moderate Moderate Yes Oral, injected
Other Depressants Substance I, II, III, IV Ambien, Sonata, Meprobamate, Chloral Hydrate, Barbiturates, Methaqualone (Quaalude) Antianxiety, Sedative, Hypnotic Moderate Moderate Yes Oral

Stimulants

Drugs CSA Schedules Trade or Other Names Medical Uses Dependence: Physical Dependence: Psychological Dependence: Tolerance Usual Method Possible Effects Effects of Overdose Withdrawal Syndrome
Cocaine Substance II Coke, Flake, Snow, Crack, Coca, Blanca, Perico, Nieve, Soda Local anesthetic Possible High Yes Snorted, smoked, injected Increased alertness, excitation, euphoria, increased pulse rate and blood pressure, insomnia, loss of appetite Agitation, increased body temperature, hallucinations, convulsions, possible death Apathy, long periods of sleep, irritability, depression, disorientation
Amphetamine/Meth-amphetamine Substance II Crank, Ice, Cristal, Krystal Meth, Speed, Adderall, Dexedrine, Desoxyn Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder, narcolepsy, weight control Possible High Yes Oral, injected, smoked
Methylphenidate Substance II Ritalin (Illy's), Concerta, Focalin, Metadate Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder Possible High Yes Oral, injected, snorted, smoked
Other Stimulants Substance III, IV Adipex P, Ionamin, Prelu-2, Didrex, Provigil Vaso-constriction Possible Moderate Yes Oral

Hallucinogen

Drugs CSA Schedules Trade or Other Names Medical Uses Dependence: Physical Dependence: Psychological Dependence: Tolerance Usual Method Possible Effects Effects of Overdose Withdrawal Syndrome
MDMA and Analogs Substance I (Ecstasy, XTC, Adam), MDA (Love Drug), MDEA (Eve), MBDB None None Moderate Yes Oral, snorted, smoked Heightened senses, teeth grinding and dehydration Increased body temperature, electrolyte imbalance, cardiac arrest Muscle aches, drowsiness, depression, acne
LSD Substance I Acid, Microdot, Sunshine, Boomers None None Unknown Yes Oral Illusions and hallucinations, altered perception of time and distance (LSD) Longer, more intense "trip" episodes None
Phencyclidine and Analogs Substance I, II, III PCP, Angel Dust, Hog, Loveboat, Ketamine (Special K), PCE, PCPy, TCP Anesthetic (Ketamine) Possible High Yes Smoked, oral, injected, snorted Unable to direct movement, feel pain, or remember Drug seeking behavior Not regulated
Other Hallucinogens Substance I Psilocybe mushrooms, Mescaline, Peyote Cactus, Ayahausca, DMT, Dextro-methorphan (DXM) None None None Possible Oral

Cannabis

Drugs CSA Schedules Trade or Other Names Medical Uses Dependence: Physical Dependence: Psychological Dependence: Tolerance Usual Method Possible Effects Effects of Overdose Withdrawal Syndrome
Marijuana Substance I Pot, Grass, Sinsemilla, Blunts, Mota, Yerba, Grifa None Unknown Moderate Yes Smoked, oral Euphoria, relaxed inhibitions, increased appetite, disorientation Fatigue, paranoia, possible psychosis Occasional reports of insomnia, hyperactivity, decreased appetite
Tetrahydro-cannabinol Substance I, Product III THC, Marinol Antinauseant, Appetite stimulant Yes Moderate Yes Smoked, oral
Hashish and Hashish Oil Substance I Hash, Hash oil None Unknown Moderate Yes Smoked, oral

Anabolic Steroids

Drugs CSA Schedules Trade or Other Names Medical Uses Dependence: Physical Dependence: Psychological Dependence: Tolerance Usual Method Possible Effects Effects of Overdose Withdrawal Syndrome
Testosterone Substance III Depo Testosterone, Sustanon, Sten, Cypt Hypogonadism Unknown Unknown Unknown Injected Virilization, edema, testicular atrophy, gynecomastia, acne, aggressive behavior Unknown Possible depression
Other Anabolic Steroids Substance III Parabolan, Winstrol, Equipose, Anadrol, Dianabol, Primabolin-Depo, D-Ball Anemia, Breast cancer Unknown Yes Unknown Oral, injected

Inhalants

Drugs CSA Schedules Trade or Other Names Medical Uses Dependence: Physical Dependence: Psychological Dependence: Tolerance Usual Method Possible Effects Effects of Overdose Withdrawal Syndrome
Amyl and Butyl Nitrite   Pearls, Poppers, Rush, Locker Room Angina (Amyl) Unknown Unknown No Inhaled Flushing, hypotension, headache Methemoglobinemia Agitation
Nitrous Oxide   Laughing gas, balloons, whippets Anesthetic Unknown Low No Inhaled Impaired memory, slurred speech, drunken behavior, slow onset vitamin deficiency, organ damage Vomiting, respiratory depression, loss of consciousness, possible death Trembling, anxiety, insomnia, vitamin deficiency, confusion, hallucinations, convulsions
Other Inhalants   Adhesives, spray paint, hairspray, dry cleaning fluid, spot remover, lighter fluid None Unknown High No Inhaled

Alcohol

Drugs CSA Schedules Trade or Other Names Medical Uses Dependence: Physical Dependence: Psychological Dependence: Tolerance Usual Method Possible Effects Effects of Overdose Withdrawal Syndrome
Alcohol   Beer, wine, liquor None High High Yes Oral Impaired memory, slurred speech, drunken behavior, slow onset vitamin deficiency, organ damage Vomiting, respiratory depression, loss of consciousness, possible death Trembling, anxiety, insomnia, vitamin deficiency, confusion, hallucinations, convulsions

Drug and Alcohol Counseling and Treatment

Students

The University of Alaska Anchorage offers numerous health education seminars, workshops, and events, and students are encouraged to participate. Additionally, personal counseling is available on the Anchorage and Kenai River campuses.

Employees

Employees experiencing substance abuse-related issues are strongly encouraged to seek confidential counseling services.

The Deer Oaks Employee Assistance Program is a free service provided for employees and their dependents and it offers a wide variety of counseling, referral, and consultation services that are completely confidential. The program can be accessed by contacting Deer Oaks directly at 1-888-9937650 or online at www.deeroakseap.com. See https://www.alaska.edu/benefits/employee-assistance-progr/Fact-Sheet.pdf. The University of Alaska employee health insurance program contains benefits for some in-patient and out-patient treatment.

Resources Available to Students and Employees

An * indicates resources that are available to students only.

Anchorage

Homer Area

Kenai Area

Kodiak

Matanuska-Susitna Area

Prince William Sound Area

Copper Basin
Cordova
Valdez

State and National Resources

Standards of Conduct for Students and Employees

Students

The University of Alaska Board of Regents have established a set of rights and responsibilities, The Student Code of Conduct (the Code), that students attending at any of the UA campuses are expected to abide by. The Code for all universities can be found in the University of Alaska Board of Regents' Policy and University Regulation.

Applicable sections of the Code include:

Violations of the Code, that occur on property, owned or controlled by the University, or at activities authorized by the University, are subject to University student conduct review and disciplinary action by the University. The Student Code of Conduct may also apply to behavior that occurs off campus. See P09.02.030.B.

The University may initiate disciplinary action and impose sanctions on any student or student organization found responsible for committing, attempting to commit, or intentionally assisting in the commission of prohibited conduct. See P09.02.020.C.

Misuse of Alcohol

Misuse of alcohol includes but is not limited to:

  • use, possession, manufacture, or distribution of alcoholic beverages in violation of local, state or federal law, Regents' Policy, University Regulation, or MAU rules and procedures; or
  • engaging in any other category of prohibited conduct while under the influence of alcohol may constitute a violation of this category. See R09.02.020(14).

Misuse of Drugs or Other Intoxicants

Misuse of drugs or other intoxicants includes but is not limited to:

  • use, possession, manufacture, distribution, or being under the influence of illegal drugs or other controlled substances in violation of local, state or federal law, Regents' Policy, University Regulation or MAU rules and procedures;
  • abuse or misuse of prescription or over-the-counter medications, other chemical substances or other intoxicants;
  • engaging in any other category of prohibited conduct while under the influence of legal drugs or other intoxicants may constitute a violation of this category; or
  • use, possession, manufacture, distribution, or being under the influence of designer drugs. See R09.02.020(15).

Employees

The unlawful manufacture, distribution, dispensing, possession or use by an employee of a controlled substance is prohibited in any workplace of the University. Further, the use of any legally obtained drug, including alcohol, to the point where such use adversely affects the employee's job performance, is prohibited. An employee must notify the University within five days of any conviction for criminal drug statute violations occurring on-or off University premises while conducting University business. University Board of Regents' Policy and Regulations, P04.02.040 and P04.02.050, provide for a University Drug-Free Workplace; and Employee Alcohol and Controlled Substance Testing for certain employees.

Disciplinary Procedures and Sanctions for Students and Employees

Students

Students found responsible for misuse of alcohol or other intoxicants or drugs will have disciplinary sanctions imposed. Additionally, student conduct violating federal, state, or local laws may be referred for prosecution. In determining appropriate University sanctions, a student’s present and past disciplinary record, the nature of the offense, the severity of any damage, injury, or harm resulting from the prohibited behavior, and other factors relevant to the matter will be considered. The following list of sanctions is an illustrative rather than exhaustive list of disciplinary measures that may be taken by Residence Life staff, the Dean of Students Office, the Chancellor, and designated community campus personnel. The University reserves the right to create other reasonable sanctions or combine sanctions as it deems appropriate. Sanctions include:

  1. Warning - A written notice that the student is violating or has violated the Code, and that further misconduct may result in more severe disciplinary action.
  2. Probation - A written warning that includes the probability of more severe disciplinary sanctions if the student is found to be violating the Code during a specified probationary period.
  3. Denial of Benefits - Specific benefits may be denied a student for a designated period of time.
  4. Restitution - A student may be required to reimburse the University or other victims related to the misconduct for damage to or misappropriation of property, or for reasonable expenses incurred.
  5. Discretionary Sanction - Discretionary sanctions include community service work or other uncompensated labor, educational classes, research papers, reflective essays, counseling, or other sanctions that may be seen as appropriate to the circumstances of a given matter. Costs incurred by the student in fulfilling a discretionary sanction will be the responsibility of the student.
  6. Restricted Access - A student may be restricted from entering certain designated areas and/or facilities or from using specific equipment for a specified period of time.
  7. Suspension - The separation of the student from the University for a specified period of time, after which the student may be eligible to return. During the period of suspension, the student may be prohibited from participation in any activity authorized by the University and may be barred from all property owned or controlled by the University.
  8. Expulsion - Expulsion is considered to be the permanent separation of the student from the University. The student may be prohibited from participation in any activity authorized by the University and may be barred from property owned or controlled by the University.
  9. Group Sanctions - Student groups or organizations found to have violated provisions of the Code may be put on probation or sanctioned, which may include loss of University-related benefits and access to University facilities and University-held funds.

Employees

Violation of standards of conduct will result in disciplinary action. Sanctions may include, but are not limited to, the following actions which may be taken in any order as deemed appropriate by the University:

  1. Verbal or written reprimand
  2. Suspension of work with or without pay
  3. A period of provisional employment
  4. Termination for cause
  5. Referral for prosecution
  6. Required participation in a drug abuse assistance or rehabilitation program
  7. Follow up testing may be done if appropriate See R04.02.040, R04.02.050.

Applicable Laws and Penalties

Applicable local alcohol and drug laws and ordinances are in accordance with state statutes but may be subject to change with the passage and implementation of possible new laws. Local laws and ordinances for the following locations may be found online:

The following is a summary of some pertinent state laws concerning controlled substances, and is subject to change. If you have questions concerning the actual provisions, scope, application, or penalties of the law, you should consult legal counsel. The most current information on State of Alaska laws is available at http://w3.legis.state.ak.us. In addition to criminal penalties, civil consequences may also occur for illegal activity involving controlled substances, including drugs, tobacco, and alcohol.

Schedule as Title 11 Drugs
IA Opium, Codeine, Heroin, Methadone, Hydromorphone, Percodan, Demerol
IIA Cocaine, Amphetamines, LSD, Mescaline, Peyote, PCP, Methaqualone (Quaalude), Phenobarbital, Psilocybine
IIIA Hashish, Barbiturates, Imitation controlled substances
IVA Tranquilizers (Valium and Librium), and Darvon
VA Small amounts of Codeine or Opium in non-narcotic mixtures
VIA Marijuana

Controlled Substances, AS 11.71

Offense Description Penalty
First-degree Misconduct Involving a Controlled Substance Delivering any amount of a schedule IA, IIA, or IIIA drug to someone who is under 19 and at least three years younger, or engaging in an organized drug enterprise Unclassified felony $0-$500,000 0-99 years
Second-degree Misconduct Involving a Controlled Substance Manufacturing, delivering, or possessing with intent to manufacture or deliver: ≥1 g or ≥25 tablets of schedule IA drug, or ≥2.5 g or ≥50 tablets of a schedule IIA or IIIA drug; or Possessing any amount of a schedule IA or IIA drug near a school; or Manufacturing or possessing methamphetamine-related materials Class B felony $0-$100,000 0-10 years
Third-degree Misconduct Involving a Controlled Substance Manufacturing, delivering, or possessing with intent to manufacture or deliver any amount of a schedule IVA or VA drug; or Possessing any amount of a schedule IIA, IVA, VA, or VIA drug near a school; or Obtaining a controlled substance by misrepresentation, fraud, forgery, deception, or subterfuge; or Manufacturing, delivering, or possessing with the intent to manufacture or deliver any amount of a schedule IA, IIA or IIIA drug Class C felony $0-$50,000 0-5 years
Fourth-degree Misconduct Involving a Controlled Substance Under circumstances not otherwise proscribed, possessing any amount of a schedule IA, IIA, IIIA, IVA, VA, or VIA drug. Class A Misdemeanor $25,000 + 0-1 year

Tobacco, AS 11.76.100

Offense Description Penalty
Furnishing to Persons Under 19 Exchanging or giving a cigarette, cigar, tobacco, or a product containing tobacco to a person under 19. $300
Possession Under 19 Possession of cigarettes, cigar, tobacco, or a product containing tobacco in this state. Violation $500 (max)

Marijuana, AS 17.38

Offense Description Penalty
Personal use of Marijuana A person under 21 years old possessing, using, displaying, purchasing, or transporting marijuana. Class B Misdemeanor $1,000 (max)
  A person 21 or over possessing, growing, processing more than 6 plants, or a household of individuals 21 or over possessing, processing more than 12 plants $750
Public Consumption of Marijuana It is unlawful for any person to publicly consume marijuana $100
False Identification A person under 21 presenting or offering to a marijuana establishment a false age for the purpose of purchasing or procuring marijuana products $400
Cultivation of Marijuana Plants When legally cultivated, marijuana plants shall be cultivated in an area where they are not subject to public view; and A person who cultivates marijuana must take reasonable precautions to secure the plants from unauthorized access $750
Marijuana Accessories It is unlawful for persons under 21 to manufacture, possess, purchase, or distribute marijuana accessories. Violation

Alcoholic Beverages, AS 4.16

Offense Description Penalty
Sales and Distribution Manufacture, sell, barter, or offer or possess for sale without license or permit $10,000 + 0-1 years
Access of Persons Under 21 to Licensed Premises Knowingly enter or remain on licensed premises without appropriate companion or consent if under 21 Violation + $500
Possession, Control, or Consumption Under 21 Knowingly consume or possess if under 21 (First Offense) Violation + $500
Furnishing to Persons Under 21 Purchase or solicit another to purchase or induce another to provide if under 21 A Misdemeanor + 30 days
Purchase or solicit another to purchase or induce another to provide if under 21 (Repeat Offense) A Misdemeanor + 0-1 years
Purchase or solicit another to purchase or induce another to provide in under 21 and minor causes injury or death to another A Felony + 0-5 years

Motor Vehicle, AS 28.35

Offense Description Penalty
Operating a Motor Vehicle Under the Influence (DUI): 1st Offense Operating a motor vehicle, aircraft, or watercraft while under the influence of an alcoholic beverage, inhalant, or controlled substance A Misdemeanor $1,500 (min) + 90-day loss of license + 180-day ignition interlock device
Operating a Motor Vehicle Under the Influence (DUI): 2nd Offense Operating a motor vehicle, aircraft, or watercraft while under the influence of an alcoholic beverage, inhalant, or controlled substance $3,000 + 1 year loss of license + 1 year ignition interlock device
Operating a Motor Vehicle Under the Influence (DUI): 3rd Offense Operating a motor vehicle, aircraft, or watercraft while under the influence of an alcoholic beverage, inhalant, or controlled substance A Felony $10,000 fine + Loss of license for life + 60-month ignition interlock device
Breath Test Refusal Refuse to submit to a chemical breath test at the request of a law officer if arrested for DUI for a first offense. If previously convicted of DUI or Refusal to Submit to Chemical Test penalties or subsequent offenses can result in a felony offense and major penalties. Penalties can be found in Sec. 28.35.032 A Misdemeanor $1,500 (min) 3 days jail (min) 60-month ignition interlock device
Open Container Drive with an open container of alcoholic beverage in motor vehicle Violation Fine

Federal Trafficking Penalties

Drug/Schedule Quantity Penalties Quantity Penalties Quantity Penalties
Cocaine (Schedule II) 500-4,999 gms mixture First offense: Not less than 5 yrs, and not more than 40 yrs. If death or serious injury, not less than 20 or more than life. Fine of not more than $5 million if an individual, $25 million if not an individual.

Second offense: Not less than 10 yrs, and not more than life. If death or serious injury, life imprisonment. Fine of not more than $8 million if an individual, $50 million if not an individual.
5 kgs or more mixture First offense: Not less than 10 yrs, and not more than life. If death or serious injury, not less than 20 or more than life. Fine of not more than $10 million if an individual, $50 million if not an individual.

Second offense: Not less than 20 yrs, and not more than life. If death or serious injury, life imprisonment. Fine of not more than $20 million if an individual, $75 million if not an individual.

Two or more prior offenses: Life imprisonment.
Cocaine Base (Schedule II) 28-279 gms mixture 280 gms or more mixture
Fentanyl (Schedule II) 40-399 gms mixture 400 gms or more mixture
Fentanyl Analogue (Schedule I) 10-99 gms mixture 100 gms or more mixture
Heroin (Schedule I) 100-999 gms mixture 1 kg or more mixture
LSD (Schedule I) 1-9 gms mixture 10 gms or more mixture
Methamphetamine (Schedule II) 5-49 gms pure or 50-499 gms mixture 50 gms or more pure or 500 gms or more mixture
PCP (Schedule II) 10-99 gms pure or 100-999 gms mixture 100 gms or more pure or 1 kg or more mixture
Drug/Schedule Quantity Penalties
Other Schedule I and II drugs (and any drug product containing Gamma Hydroxybutyric Acid) Any amount First Offense: Not more than 10 yrs. If death or serious injury, not less than 15 yrs. Fine not more than $500,000 if an individual, $2.5 million if not an individual.

Second Offense: Not more than 20 yrs. If death or serious injury, not more than 30 yrs. Fine not more than $1.5 million if an individual, $5 million if not an individual.
Other Schedule III drugs Any amount First Offense: Not more than 10 yrs. if death or serious injury, not more than 15 yrs. Fine not more than $500,000 if an individual, $2.5 million if not an individual.

Second Offense: Not more than 20 yrs. if death or serious injury, not more than 30 yrs. Fine not more than $1.5 million if an individual, $5 million if not an individual.
All other Schedule IV drugs Any amount First Offense: Not more than 5 yrs. Fine not more than $250,000 if an individual, $1 million if not an individual.

Second Offense: Not more than 10 yrs. Fine not more than $500,000 if an individual, $2 million if not an individual.
Flunitrazepam (Schedule IV) Less than 1 mgs
All other Schedule V drugs Any amount First Offense: Not more than 1 yr. Fine not more than $100,000 if an individual, $250,000 if not an individual.

Second Offense: Not more than 4 yrs. Fine not more than $200,000 if an individual, $500,000 if not an individual.
Drug Quantity 1st Offense 2nd Offense
Marijuana (Schedule I) 1,000 kg or more mixture; or 1,000 or more plants
  • Not less than 10 yrs, not more than life
  • If death or serious injury, not less than 20 yrs, not more than life
  • Fine not more than $4 million if an individual, $10 million if other than an individual
  • Not less than 20 yrs, not more than life
  • If death or serious injury, mandatory life
  • Fine not more than $8 million if an individual, $20 million if other than an individual
Marijuana (Schedule I) 100 kg to 999 kg mixture; or 100 to 999 plants
  • Not less than 5 yrs, not more than 40 yrs.
  • If death or serious injury, not less than 20 yrs, not more than life
  • Fine not more than $2 million if an individual, $5 million if other than an individual
  • Not less than 10 yrs, not more than life
  • If death or serious injury, mandatory life
  • Fine not more than $4 million if an individual, $10 million if other than an individual
Marijuana (Schedule I) More than 10 kgs hashish; 50 to 99 kg mixture More than 1 kg of hashish oil; 50 to 99 plants
  • Not more than 20 yrs.
  • If death or serious injury, not less than 20 yrs, not more than life
  • Fine $1 million if an individual, $5 million if other than an individual
  • Not more than 30 yrs.
  • If death or serious injury, mandatory life
  • Fine $2 million if an individual, $10 million if other than an individual
Marijuana (Schedule I) 1 to 49 plants; less than 50 kg mixture
  • Not more than 5 yrs.
  • Fine not more than $250,000, $1 million other than individual
  • Not more than 10 yrs.
  • Fine not more than $500,000 if individual, $2 million other than individual
Hashish (Schedule I) 10 kg or less
Hashish Oil (Schedule I) 1 kg or less