Undergraduate Studies

Students wearing blue gloves performing intricate lab work
 

ACADEMIC ADVISORS

David House
Jordan Couture

If you have questions about the Biological Sciences program, contact the Academic Advisors for the College of Arts and Sciences David House (907-786-4378) or Jordan Couture (907-786-4710).

Walk-ins are welcome, but appointments are strongly encouraged.

Important Biol. Curriculum Changes

Bachelor of Arts in Biological Sciences

The B.A. in Biological Sciences is a popular choice for students who are interested in a career in areas such as wildlife management or environmental law and is often combined with a minor in a discipline such as Psychology, History, Alaska Native Studies, History, English, a Foreign Language or Music.  

The B.A. in Biological Sciences is also popular with pre-medical students who wish to acquire and demonstrate academic skills and interests that extend beyond the pure sciences.

Program Student Learning Outcomes

Students graduating with a Bachelor of Arts or a Bachelor of Science in Biological Sciences will be able to:

  • Demonstrate an understanding of the core concepts in the biological sciences: evolution; structure and function relationships; information flow, exchange and storage; transformation of energy and matter.
  • Apply the process of science and construct knowledge through observations, experimentation, quantitative reasoning and hypothesis testing.
  • Read, analyze and synthesize primary literature, and communicate scientific concepts and data in written and oral form.
  • B.A. Biological Sciences Requirements
    Admission Requirements

    Complete the Application and Admission Requirements for Baccalaureate Degrees.

    Academic Requirements

    To graduate with a Bachelor of Arts (BA) in Biological Sciences, the student must complete all courses covered under major requirements for a BA in Biological Sciences with a minimum grade of C. All prerequisites for Biology (BIOL) courses must be completed with a minimum grade of C. Students who audit or are unable to earn a minimum grade of C in a lower-division (100- or 200-level) BIOL course may repeat the course two additional times on a space-available basis. Students who audit or are unable to earn a minimum grade of C in an upper-division (300- or 400-level) BIOL course may repeat the course one additional time on a space-available basis. Students repeating a BIOL course are required to complete all components of that course during the semester in which the course is retaken. When repeating a course with a lecture and laboratory component, both components must be repeated. Students enrolled in a BIOL laboratory must attend lab the first week of class or they may be administratively dropped.

    Graduation Requirements
    • Complete the General University Requirements for Baccalaureate Degrees.
    • Complete the General Education Requirements for Baccalaureate Degrees.
    • Major requirements include both 27 credits in support courses from outside the discipline and 52-53 credits of coursework in biology, other natural sciences and math.
    • Submit a completed ePortfolio.
    • Complete an exit examination.
    • Complete the following major requirements with a minimum grade of C:
      • Some major requirements may also be used to complete the General University Requirements and General Education Requirements for Baccalaureate Degrees.
    Support Courses
    Complete 27 credits from the following prefixes, 9 credits of which must be upper-division, and may include courses from the general education requirements lists. You must complete a minimum of 3 credits from each of the following areas:27
    Fine Arts (ART, CWLA, DNCE, MUS, THR)
    Humanities (AKNS, ART, ASL, CHIN, ENGL, FREN, GER, HIST, HUM, JPN, LING, PHIL, PS, RUSS, SPAN)
    Social Sciences (ANTH, BA, CEL, ECON, ENVI, GEOG, INTL, HS, JPC, JUST, LEGL, PSY, SOC, SWK, WS)
    Core Courses
    BIOL A108Principles and Methods in Biology6
    BIOL A242Fundamentals of Cell Biology3
    BIOL A243Experiential Learning: Cell Biology and Genetics4
    or BIOL A273 Experiential Learning: Ecology and Evolution
    BIOL A252Principles of Genetics3
    BIOL A271Principles of Ecology3
    BIOL A288Principles of Evolution3
    BIOL A492Undergraduate Seminar1
    CHEM A105
    A105L
    General Chemistry I
    and General Chemistry I Laboratory
    4
    CHEM A106
    A106L
    General Chemistry II
    and General Chemistry II Laboratory
    4
    STAT A200Elementary Statistics3-4
    or STAT A253 Applied Statistics for the Sciences
    or STAT A307 Probability and Statistics
    Upper-Division Program Electives18
    Complete a minimum of 3 credits from four of the five subject areas. A minimum of 6 credits must be experiential learning courses from two subject areas. 1
    Genetics, Cellular and Molecular Biology
    BIOL A452
    Human Genome
    BIOL A455
    Experiential Learning: Bioinformatics
    BIOL A461
    Molecular Biology
    BIOL A463
    Molecular Biology of Cancer
    BIOL A464
    Metals in Biology
    BIOL A465
    Experiential Learning: Molecular Biology
    BIOL/CHEM A471
    Immunology
    MBIO A340
    Microbial Biology
    MBIO A342
    Experiential Learning: Microbial Biology
    MBIO A420
    Pathogenic Microbiology
    MBIO A421
    Experiential Learning: Pathogenic Microbiology
    MBIO A451
    Microbial Biotechnology
    MBIO A452
    Microbial Genetics
    MBIO A462
    Virology
    Ecology and Evolution
    ASTR/BIOL A365
    Astrobiology
    BIOL A430
    Marine Mammal Biology
    BIOL A441
    Animal Behavior
    BIOL A442
    Experiential Learning: Animal Behavior
    BIOL A466
    Fish Ecology
    BIOL A467
    Wildlife Ecology
    BIOL A472
    Biogeography
    BIOL A473
    Conservation Biology
    BIOL/CHEM A474
    Ecotoxicology
    BIOL A477
    Tundra and Taiga Ecosystems
    BIOL A478
    Biological Oceanography
    BIOL A479
    Physiological Plant Ecology
    BIOL A480
    Ecological and Conservation Genetics
    BIOL A481
    Marine Biology
    BIOL A482
    Spatial Ecology
    BIOL A483
    Exploration Ecology
    BIOL A484
    Experiential Learning: Exploration Ecology Field Study
    BIOL A486
    Evolutionary Ecology
    BIOL A489
    Population Genetics and Evolutionary Processes
    MBIO A450
    Microbial Ecology
    MBIO A453
    Experiential Learning: Microbial Ecology
    MBIO/GEOL A468
    Geomicrobiology
    Diversity and Organismal Biology
    BIOL A320
    Vertebrate Biology
    BIOL A321
    Experiential Learning: Vertebrate Biology
    BIOL A330
    Plant Biology
    BIOL A332
    Experiential Learning: Plant Biology
    BIOL A423
    Ichthyology
    BIOL A427
    Marine Invertebrate Biology
    BIOL A430
    Marine Mammal Biology
    BIOL A431
    Plant Diversity and Evolution
    BIOL A487
    Comparative Anatomy of Vertebrates
    MBIO A340
    Microbial Biology
    MBIO A342
    Experiential Learning: Microbial Biology
    MBIO A440
    Microbial Diversity
    Physiology
    BIOL A310
    Principles of Animal Physiology
    BIOL A311
    Experiential Learning: Animal Physiology
    BIOL A316
    Principles of Plant Physiology
    BIOL A317
    Experiential Learning: Plant Physiology
    BIOL A412
    Behavioral Endocrinology
    BIOL A413
    Neurophysiology
    BIOL A414
    Chronobiology
    BIOL A415
    Comparative Animal Physiology
    BIOL A417
    Applied Kinesiology and Exercise Physiology
    BIOL A418
    Fish Physiology
    BIOL A479
    Physiological Plant Ecology
    BIOL A487
    Comparative Anatomy of Vertebrates
    MBIO A410
    Microbial Physiology
    Additional Upper-Division Electives
    BIOL A406
    Experiential Learning: Biostatistics
    BIOL A408
    Experiential Learning: Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM)
    BIOL/CHEM/PHYS A456
    Nonlinear Dynamics and Chaos
    BIOL A490
    Selected Lecture Topics in Biology
    BIOL A490L
    Selected Laboratory Topics in Biology 1
    BIOL A495
    Instructional Practicum: Laboratory
    BIOL A497
    Independent Study in Biology
    BIOL A498
    Individual Research 1
    BIOL A499
    Senior Thesis
    Total79-80

    A minimum of 120 credits is required for the degree, 42 credits of which must be upper-division. 

    ePortfolio

    All BA Biological Sciences majors are required to submit their completed ePortfolios during the semester they intend to graduate. EPortfolios are used for the purpose of program assessment only.

    Biological Sciences Exit Examination

    All BA Biological Sciences majors are required to complete a nationally standardized exit examination during the semester immediately prior to or during the semester they intend to graduate. There is no minimum score required for graduation. 

    Honors in Biological Sciences

    Undergraduate biological science majors may be recognized for exceptional performance by earning departmental honors in biology. In order to receive honors, a student must meet each of the following requirements:

    1. Meet the requirements for Graduation with Honors.
    2. Meet the requirements for a BA in Biological Sciences.
    3. Earn a grade point average of 3.50 or above in the major requirements.
    4. During the senior year of their academic program, the student must gain faculty approval for and complete, with a grade of B or better, a senior thesis research project, with enrollment in BIOL A499. Biological science faculty members must approve the project proposal and final written report.

Bachelor of Science in Biological Sciences

Students must choose either the Biological Sciences, or Microbiological Sciences Option.

The B.S. in Biological Sciences is a popular choice for students who are interested in pursuing careers in biological research as it provides strong preparation for relevant graduate school programs such as an M.S. in Biological Sciences or a PhD.  The B.S. in Biological Sciences is also a good choice for students who are interested in moving directly into a biological or environmental career.

This B.S. in Biological Sciences Is also a popular choice for pre-medical, pre-dental and pre-veterinary students as combining the degree requirements with the relevant professional school pre-requisites is relatively straight forward and as it enables these students to demonstrate interest and ability in a relevant discipline.

Program Student Learning Outcomes

Students graduating with a Bachelor of Arts or a Bachelor of Science in Biological Sciences will be able to:

  • Demonstrate an understanding of the core concepts in the biological sciences: evolution; structure and function relationships; information flow, exchange and storage; transformation of energy and matter.
  • Apply the process of science and construct knowledge through observations, experimentation, quantitative reasoning and hypothesis testing.
  • Read, analyze and synthesize primary literature, and communicate scientific concepts and data in written and oral form.
  • B.S. Biological Sciences Requirements

    The Bachelor of Science (BS) in Biological Sciences includes a single core program of coursework with two areas of study. Completing courses from the cellular and molecular biology area prepares students for professional careers in areas such as medicine, dentistry and veterinary science. Completing courses from the organismal, ecology and evolutionary area prepares students for careers in environmental, organismal and evolutionary biology. A wide selection of electives is available to all students, including courses offered under BIOL A490, which is a selected topics course. It is imperative that students consult their academic advisors within the Department of Biological Sciences to determine which electives are most appropriate to their career interests. Some of these elective courses are offered periodically, depending on demand. Refer to course descriptions to identify these courses.

    Admission Requirements
    • Complete the Admission Requirements for Baccalaureate Degrees.
    • Declare the major (see major requirements below) and select one of two options: biological sciences or microbiological sciences. To choose an option, students must meet with an advisor. To schedule the advising session, contact the Department of Biological Sciences.
    Academic Requirements

    To graduate with a Bachelor of Science (BS) in Biological Sciences, the student must complete all courses covered under major requirements for a BS in Biological Sciences with a minimum grade of C. All prerequisites for Biology (BIOL) courses must be completed with a minimum grade of C. Students who audit or are unable to earn a minimum grade of C in a lower-division (100- or 200-level) BIOL course may repeat the course two additional times on a space available basis. Students who audit or are unable to earn a minimum grade of C in an upper-division (300- or 400-level) BIOL or Microbiology (MBIO) course may repeat the course one additional time on a space-available basis. Students repeating a BIOL or MBIO course are required to complete all components of that course during the semester in which the course is retaken. When repeating a course with a lecture and laboratory component, both components must be repeated. Students enrolled in a BIOL or MBIO laboratory or experiential learning course must attend the lab or course the first week of class or they may be administratively dropped.

    Graduation Requirements Biological Sciences Option
    Required Support Courses
    CHEM A105
    A105L
    General Chemistry I
    and General Chemistry I Laboratory
    4
    CHEM A106
    A106L
    General Chemistry II
    and General Chemistry II Laboratory
    4
    CHEM A321Organic Chemistry I3
    CHEM A322Organic Chemistry II3
    CHEM A323LOrganic Chemistry Laboratory2
    MATH A251Calculus I4
    MATH A252Calculus II4
    STAT A253Applied Statistics for the Sciences4
    or STAT A307 Probability and Statistics
    Select one of the following options:8
    Option 1:
    PHYS A123
    A123L
    College Physics I
    and College Physics I Laboratory
    PHYS A124
    A124L
    College Physics II
    and College Physics II Laboratory
    Option 2:
    PHYS A211
    A211L
    General Physics I
    and General Physics I Laboratory
    PHYS A212
    A212L
    General Physics II
    and General Physics II Laboratory
    Core Courses
    BIOL A108Principles and Methods in Biology6
    BIOL A242Fundamentals of Cell Biology3
    BIOL A243Experiential Learning: Cell Biology and Genetics4
    or BIOL A273 Experiential Learning: Ecology and Evolution
    BIOL A252Principles of Genetics3
    BIOL A271Principles of Ecology3
    BIOL A288Principles of Evolution3
    BIOL A492Undergraduate Seminar1
    Upper-Division Program Electives24
    Complete a minimum of 3 credits from four of the five subject areas. A minimum of 6 credits must be experiential learning courses from two subject areas. 1
    Genetics, Cellular and Molecular Biology
    BIOL A452
    Human Genome
    BIOL A455
    Experiential Learning: Bioinformatics
    BIOL A461
    Molecular Biology
    BIOL A463
    Molecular Biology of Cancer
    BIOL A464
    Metals in Biology
    BIOL A465
    Experiential Learning: Molecular Biology
    BIOL/CHEM A471
    Immunology
    MBIO A340
    Microbial Biology
    MBIO A342
    Experiential Learning: Microbial Biology
    MBIO A420
    Pathogenic Microbiology
    MBIO A421
    Experiential Learning: Pathogenic Microbiology
    MBIO A451
    Microbial Biotechnology
    MBIO A452
    Microbial Genetics
    MBIO A462
    Virology
    Ecology and Evolution
    ASTR/BIOL A365
    Astrobiology
    BIOL A430
    Marine Mammal Biology
    BIOL A441
    Animal Behavior
    BIOL A442
    Experiential Learning: Animal Behavior
    BIOL A466
    Fish Ecology
    BIOL A467
    Wildlife Ecology
    BIOL A472
    Biogeography
    BIOL A473
    Conservation Biology
    BIOL/CHEM A474
    Ecotoxicology
    BIOL A477
    Tundra and Taiga Ecosystems
    BIOL A478
    Biological Oceanography
    BIOL A479
    Physiological Plant Ecology
    BIOL A480
    Ecological and Conservation Genetics
    BIOL A481
    Marine Biology
    BIOL A482
    Spatial Ecology
    BIOL A483
    Exploration Ecology
    BIOL A484
    Experiential Learning: Exploration Ecology Field Study
    BIOL A486
    Evolutionary Ecology
    BIOL A489
    Population Genetics and Evolutionary Processes
    MBIO A450
    Microbial Ecology
    MBIO A453
    Experiential Learning: Microbial Ecology
    MBIO/GEOL A468
    Geomicrobiology
    Diversity and Organismal Biology
    BIOL A320
    Vertebrate Biology
    BIOL A321
    Experiential Learning: Vertebrate Biology
    BIOL A330
    Plant Biology
    BIOL A332
    Experiential Learning: Plant Biology
    BIOL A423
    Ichthyology
    BIOL A427
    Marine Invertebrate Biology
    BIOL A430
    Marine Mammal Biology
    BIOL A431
    Plant Diversity and Evolution
    BIOL A487
    Comparative Anatomy of Vertebrates
    MBIO A340
    Microbial Biology
    MBIO A342
    Experiential Learning: Microbial Biology
    MBIO A420
    Pathogenic Microbiology
    MBIO A421
    Experiential Learning: Pathogenic Microbiology
    MBIO A440
    Microbial Diversity
    Physiology
    BIOL A310
    Principles of Animal Physiology
    BIOL A311
    Experiential Learning: Animal Physiology
    BIOL A316
    Principles of Plant Physiology
    BIOL A317
    Experiential Learning: Plant Physiology
    BIOL A412
    Behavioral Endocrinology
    BIOL A413
    Neurophysiology
    BIOL A414
    Chronobiology
    BIOL A415
    Comparative Animal Physiology
    BIOL A417
    Applied Kinesiology and Exercise Physiology
    BIOL A418
    Fish Physiology
    BIOL A479
    Physiological Plant Ecology
    BIOL A487
    Comparative Anatomy of Vertebrates
    MBIO A410
    Microbial Physiology
    Additional Upper-Division Electives
    BIOL A406
    Experiential Learning: Biostatistics
    BIOL A408
    Experiential Learning: Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM)
    BIOL/CHEM/PHYS A456
    Nonlinear Dynamics and Chaos
    BIOL A490
    Selected Lecture Topics in Biology
    BIOL A490L
    Selected Laboratory Topics in Biology 1
    BIOL A495
    Instructional Practicum: Laboratory
    BIOL A497
    Independent Study in Biology
    BIOL A498
    Individual Research 1
    BIOL A499
    Senior Thesis 1
    CHEM A441
    Principles of Biochemistry I
    CHEM A442
    Principles of Biochemistry II
    CHEM A443
    Biochemistry Laboratory
    Total83
     Microbiological Sciences Option
    Required Support Courses
    CHEM A105
    A105L
    General Chemistry I
    and General Chemistry I Laboratory
    4
    CHEM A106
    A106L
    General Chemistry II
    and General Chemistry II Laboratory
    4
    CHEM A321Organic Chemistry I3
    CHEM A322Organic Chemistry II3
    CHEM A323LOrganic Chemistry Laboratory2
    MATH A251Calculus I4
    MATH A252Calculus II4
    STAT A253Applied Statistics for the Sciences4
    or STAT A307 Probability and Statistics
    Select one of the following options:8
    Option 1:
    PHYS A123
    A123L
    College Physics I
    and College Physics I Laboratory
    PHYS A124
    A124L
    College Physics II
    and College Physics II Laboratory
    Option 2:
    PHYS A211
    A211L
    General Physics I
    and General Physics I Laboratory
    PHYS A212
    A212L
    General Physics II
    and General Physics II Laboratory
    Core Courses
    BIOL A108Principles and Methods in Biology6
    BIOL A242Fundamentals of Cell Biology3
    BIOL A243Experiential Learning: Cell Biology and Genetics4
    or BIOL A273 Experiential Learning: Ecology and Evolution
    BIOL A252Principles of Genetics3
    BIOL A271Principles of Ecology3
    BIOL A288Principles of Evolution3
    BIOL A492Undergraduate Seminar1
    MBIO A340Microbial Biology3
    MBIO A342Experiential Learning: Microbial Biology4
    Upper-Division Program Electives17
    Complete a minimum of 3 credits each from the Microbial Genetics and Physiology subject area, the Host-Microbe Interactions subject area and the Microbial Diversity and Environmental Microbiology subject area. A minimum of 2 credits must be experiential learning courses from one of the four subject areas. 1
    Microbial Genetics and Physiology
    BIOL A465
    Experiential Learning: Molecular Biology
    MBIO A410
    Microbial Physiology
    MBIO A451
    Microbial Biotechnology
    MBIO A452
    Microbial Genetics
    Host-Microbe Interactions
    BIOL/CHEM A471
    Immunology
    MBIO A420
    Pathogenic Microbiology
    MBIO A421
    Experiential Learning: Pathogenic Microbiology
    MBIO A462
    Virology
    Microbial Diversity and Environmental Microbiology
    MBIO A440
    Microbial Diversity
    MBIO A450
    Microbial Ecology
    MBIO A453
    Experiential Learning: Microbial Ecology
    MBIO/GEOL A468
    Geomicrobiology
    Additional Upper-Division Electives
    ASTR/BIOL A365
    Astrobiology
    BIOL A455
    Experiential Learning: Bioinformatics
    BIOL A490
    Selected Lecture Topics in Biology
    BIOL A490L
    Selected Laboratory Topics in Biology
    BIOL A495
    Instructional Practicum: Laboratory
    BIOL A497
    Independent Study in Biology
    BIOL A498
    Individual Research
    BIOL A499
    Senior Thesis
    CHEM A441
    Principles of Biochemistry I
    CHEM A442
    Principles of Biochemistry II
    CHEM A443
    Biochemistry Laboratory
    Total83

    A minimum of 120 credits is required for the degree, 42 credits of which must be upper-division.

    ePortfolio

    All BS Biological Sciences majors are required to submit their completed ePortfolios during the semester they intend to graduate. EPortfolios are used for the purpose of program assessment only.

    Biological Sciences Exit Examination

    All BS Biological Sciences majors are required to complete a nationally standardized exit examination during the semester immediately prior to or during the semester they intend to graduate. There is no minimum score required for graduation. 

    Honors in Biological Sciences

    Undergraduate biological science majors may be recognized for exceptional performance by earning departmental honors in biology. In order to receive honors, a student must meet each of the following requirements:

    • Meet the requirements for Graduation with Honors.
    • Meet the requirements for a BS in Biological Sciences.
    • Earn a grade point average of 3.50 or above in the major requirements.
    • During the senior year of their academic program, the student must gain faculty approval for and complete, with a grade of B or better, a senior thesis research project, with enrollment in BIOL A499. Biological science faculty members must approve the project proposal and final written report.

Bachelor of Science in Natural Sciences

Students must choose either the Environmental Sciences, Pre-Health Professions, or General Sciences Option.

The B.S. in Natural Sciences is a popular choice for students who are interested in pursuing careers in STEM teaching at the secondary school level as the breadth of the program provides them with the qualifications and skills that they need to obtain and to excel in such positions.

The flexible nature of this degree has made it popular with a wide variety of Science students and it is often combined with a minor in a second discipline such as Psychology, Physics or Mathematics.  The three options associated with the degree are intended to maintain this flexibility while still ensuring that students who wish to use it as a stepping stone towards a biological, environmental or medical career are able to do so.

Program Student Learning Outcomes

Students graduating with a Bachelor of Science in Natural Sciences will be able to:

  • Design and implement scientific investigations to explore natural phenomena using experimentation, which includes exploration and discovery, and testing ideas (gathering and interpreting data)
  • Clearly and accurately communicate scientific ideas, theories, and observations in oral and written forms
  • Apply scientific data, concepts, and models to craft interdisciplinary explanations of scientific ideas across two of the natural sciences
  • B.S. Natural Sciences Requirements

    The Bachelor of Science (BS) in Natural Sciences provides a broad, customizable program of studies in the sciences, with coursework across multiple disciplines. It prepares students for advanced study or careers in the environmental sciences and the health professions, and professional certifications such as science educators. Graduates of the program have gone on to further study and jobs in a diversity of fields, such as veterinary, medical, and dental schools, certification as secondary school science educators, and environmental consulting.

    Admission Requirements
    • Complete the Admission Requirements for Baccalaureate Programs.
    • Declare the major (see major requirements) and select one of three options: General Sciences, Pre-health Professions or Environmental Sciences. To declare the Bachelor of Science (BS) in Natural Sciences as their major, students must meet with an advisor to be accepted into the major. To schedule an advising session, contact the Department of Biological Sciences. At the advising session students are required to:
      • Choose one of the three options.
      • File a preliminary program of study with the Department of Biological Sciences.
    Graduation Requirements
    • Complete the General University Requirements for Baccalaureate Degrees.
    • Complete the General Education Requirements for Baccalaureate Degrees.
    • It is recommended that mathematical and statistical requirements be completed in the first two years of study.
    • No more than 6 credits may come from courses designated as A495, A498 and A499 combined, with no more than 2 credits from A495.
    • No more than 4 credits may be A492, with no more than 2 credits from the same discipline.
    • Courses not listed as approved for the BS In Natural Sciences may be considered by petition, which should be signed by an advisor.
    • It is strongly recommended that any changes to the preliminary program be reviewed by an advisor to ensure that the final program of study will meet all requirements for graduation.
    • Students must submit a final Program of Study-Natural Sciences Degree form signed by their advisor to both the Office of the Registrar and the Department of Biological Sciences during the semester prior to the semester in which they plan to graduate. All courses listed in the form must be approved by the formal advisor before submitting the form to the Office of the Registrar and the Department of Biological Sciences. 
    • All prerequisites for courses used to meet the natural sciences degree requirements must be completed with a minimum grade of C. Students who audit a course intended to meet the natural sciences degree requirements or who are unable to earn a minimum grade of C in the course may repeat the course. Students who audit or are unable to earn a minimum grade of C in a lower-division (100- or 200-level) Biology (BIOL) course may repeat the course two additional times on a space-available basis. Students who audit or are unable to earn a minimum grade of C in an upper-division (300- or 400-level) BIOL course may repeat the course one additional time on a space-available basis. Students repeating a BIOL course are required to complete all components of that course during the semester in which the course is retaken. When repeating a course with a lecture and laboratory component, both components must be repeated. Students enrolled in a BIOL laboratory must attend lab the first week of class or they may be administratively dropped.
    • All Natural Sciences majors are required to take an exit examination, a standardized test of knowledge. There is no minimum score required for graduation. The exam may be completed at the UAA Testing Center and a fee will be charged to students, or as part of BIOL A492.
    • Complete the following major requirements with a minimum grade of C:
    Environmental Sciences Option
    BIOL A108Principles and Methods in Biology6
    BIOL A492Undergraduate Seminar1
    CHEM A105
    A105L
    General Chemistry I
    and General Chemistry I Laboratory
    4
    CHEM A106
    A106L
    General Chemistry II
    and General Chemistry II Laboratory
    4
    ENVI A211Environmental Science: Systems and Processes3
    ENVI A212Living on Earth: Introduction to Environmental Studies3
    GEOL A111
    A111L
    Physical Geology
    and Physical Geology Laboratory
    4
    or GEOL A121 Physical Geology for Science and Engineering Majors
    or GEOL A115
    A115L
    Environmental Geology
    and Environmental Geology Laboratory
    GEOL A221Historical Geology4
    Select 51 credits of degree electives, of which 31 must be upper-division credits, from the following course lists.51
    Natural and Physical Sciences
    Complete a minimum of 20 credits from the following:
    ASTR/BIOL A365
    Astrobiology
    BIOL/GEOL A178
    Introduction to Oceanography
    BIOL/GEOL A179
    Introduction to Oceanography Laboratory
    BIOL/CPLX A200
    Introduction to Complexity
    BIOL A242
    Fundamentals of Cell Biology
    BIOL A243
    Experiential Learning: Cell Biology and Genetics
    BIOL A252
    Principles of Genetics
    BIOL A271
    Principles of Ecology
    BIOL A273
    Experiential Learning: Ecology and Evolution
    BIOL A288
    Principles of Evolution
    BIOL A310
    Principles of Animal Physiology
    BIOL A311
    Experiential Learning: Animal Physiology
    BIOL A316
    Principles of Plant Physiology
    BIOL A317
    Experiential Learning: Plant Physiology
    BIOL A406
    Experiential Learning: Biostatistics
    BIOL A408
    Experiential Learning: Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM)
    BIOL A415
    Comparative Animal Physiology
    BIOL A418
    Fish Physiology
    BIOL A423
    Ichthyology
    BIOL A427
    Marine Invertebrate Biology
    BIOL A430
    Marine Mammal Biology
    BIOL A431
    Plant Diversity and Evolution
    BIOL A441
    Animal Behavior
    BIOL A442
    Experiential Learning: Animal Behavior
    BIOL/CHEM/PHYS A456
    Nonlinear Dynamics and Chaos
    BIOL A466
    Fish Ecology
    BIOL A467
    Wildlife Ecology
    BIOL A472
    Biogeography
    BIOL A473
    Conservation Biology
    BIOL/CHEM A474
    Ecotoxicology
    BIOL A477
    Tundra and Taiga Ecosystems
    BIOL A478
    Biological Oceanography
    BIOL A479
    Physiological Plant Ecology
    BIOL A480
    Ecological and Conservation Genetics
    BIOL A481
    Marine Biology
    BIOL A482
    Spatial Ecology
    BIOL A483
    Exploration Ecology
    BIOL A484
    Experiential Learning: Exploration Ecology Field Study
    BIOL A486
    Evolutionary Ecology
    BIOL A487
    Comparative Anatomy of Vertebrates
    BIOL A489
    Population Genetics and Evolutionary Processes
    BIOL A490
    Selected Lecture Topics in Biology
    BIOL A490L
    Selected Laboratory Topics in Biology
    BIOL A495A
    Internship in the Biological Sciences
    BIOL A498
    Individual Research
    BIOL A499
    Senior Thesis
    CHEM A253
    Principles of Inorganic Chemistry
    CHEM A312
    Quantitative Analysis
    CHEM A321
    Organic Chemistry I
    CHEM A322
    Organic Chemistry II
    CHEM A323L
    Organic Chemistry Laboratory
    CHEM A411
    Biophysical Chemistry
    CHEM A441
    Principles of Biochemistry I
    CHEM A442
    Principles of Biochemistry II
    CHEM A443
    Biochemistry Laboratory
    CHEM A492
    Undergraduate Seminar
    CHEM A498
    Individual Research
    GEOG A375
    Environmental Applications of Geographic Information Systems (GIS)
    GEOL A225
    Earth Surface Processes
    GEOL A310
    Professional Practices in Geology
    GEOL A315
    Geological Data Visualization and Analysis
    GEOL A320
    Volcanology
    GEOL A321
    Mineralogy
    GEOL A322
    Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology
    GEOL A325
    Geology of Ore Deposits
    GEOL A331
    Sedimentology and Stratigraphy
    GEOL A332
    Sedimentary Petrology Laboratory
    GEOL A333
    Earthquakes and Seismic Hazards
    GEOL A345
    Hydrogeology
    GEOL A350
    Geomorphology
    GEOL A335
    Structural Geology
    GEOL A361
    Earth Resources and Society
    GEOL A436
    Petroleum Geology
    GEOL A437
    Depositional Systems and Dynamic Stratigraphy
    GEOL A441
    Paleoclimatology
    GEOL A444
    The Cryosphere
    GEOL A448
    Structural Geology and Geomechanics
    GEOL A454
    Glacial and Quaternary Geology
    GEOL A458
    Geology of Alaska
    GEOL A461
    Geochemistry
    GEOL A463
    Environmental Geochemistry
    GEOL A465
    Isotope Geochemistry
    GEOL A468
    Geomicrobiology
    GEOL A476
    Applied Geophysics
    GEOL A477
    Integrated Subsurface Mapping and Analysis
    GEOL A480
    Geologic Field Methods
    GEOL A481
    Alaskan Field Investigations
    GEOL A482
    Geologic Field Investigations
    GEOL A490
    Advanced Topics in Geology
    GEOL A492
    Geology Seminar
    GEOL A495
    Geology Internship
    GEOL A498
    Student Research
    GEOL A499
    Senior Thesis
    MBIO A340
    Microbial Biology
    MBIO A342
    Experiential Learning: Microbial Biology
    MBIO A410
    Microbial Physiology
    MBIO A420
    Pathogenic Microbiology
    MBIO A421
    Experiential Learning: Pathogenic Microbiology
    MBIO A440
    Microbial Diversity
    MBIO A450
    Microbial Ecology
    MBIO A451
    Microbial Biotechnology
    MBIO A452
    Microbial Genetics
    MBIO A453
    Experiential Learning: Microbial Ecology
    MBIO/GEOL A468
    Geomicrobiology
    PHYS A123
    A123L
    College Physics I
    and College Physics I Laboratory 1
    or PHYS A211
    A211L
    General Physics I
    and General Physics I Laboratory
    PHYS A124
    A124L
    College Physics II
    and College Physics II Laboratory 1
    or PHYS A212
    A212L
    General Physics II
    and General Physics II Laboratory
    PHYS A303
    Modern Physics
    Math and Computational Skills
    Complete a minimum of 15 credits from the following:
    CS A109
    Computer Programming (Languages Vary)
    or CS A110
    Java Programming
    or CSCE A201
    Computer Programming I
    CSCE A222
    Object-Oriented Programming I
    CSCE A311
    Data Structures and Algorithms
    CSCE A351
    Automata, Algorithms and Complexity
    CSCE A360
    Database Systems
    CSCE A381
    Computer Graphics
    CSCE A405
    Artificial Intelligence
    CSCE A412
    Evolutionary Computing
    GEO A359
    Geodesy and Map Projections
    GIS A370
    GIS and Remote Sensing for Natural Resources
    GIS A458
    Spatial Data Management
    GIS A466
    Spatial Analysis
    GIS A467
    Image Analysis
    MATH A251
    Calculus I
    MATH A252
    Calculus II
    MATH A253
    Calculus III
    MATH A261
    Introduction to Discrete Mathematics
    MATH A265
    Fundamentals of Mathematics
    MATH A302
    Ordinary Differential Equations
    MATH A305
    Introduction to Geometries
    MATH A306
    Discrete Methods
    MATH A314
    Linear Algebra
    MATH A371
    Stochastic Processes
    MATH A401
    Introduction to Real Analysis
    MATH A405
    Introduction to Abstract Algebra
    MATH A407
    Mathematical Statistics
    MATH A410
    Introduction to Complex Analysis
    MATH A432
    Partial Differential Equations
    STAT A253
    Applied Statistics for the Sciences
    or STAT A307
    Probability and Statistics
    STAT A308
    Intermediate Statistics for the Sciences
    STAT A402
    Scientific Sampling
    STAT A403
    Regression Analysis
    STAT A404
    Analysis of Variance
    STAT A407
    Time Series Analysis
    STAT A408
    Multivariate Statistics
    Social Sciences
    Complete a minimum of 9 credits from the following:
    ANTH A101
    Introduction to Anthropology
    ANTH A202
    Cultural Anthropology
    ANTH A205
    Biological Anthropology
    ANTH A415
    Applied Anthropology
    CEL A292
    Introduction to Civic Engagement
    CEL A390
    Special Topics in Civic Engagement
    ECON A201
    Principles of Macroeconomics
    ECON A202
    Principles of Microeconomics
    ECON A210
    Environmental Economics and Policy
    ECON A300
    The Economy of Alaska
    ECON A321
    Intermediate Microeconomics
    ECON A324
    Intermediate Macroeconomics
    ECON A435
    Natural Resource Economics
    ENVI A470
    Environmental Planning and Problem Solving
    ENVI A490
    Topics in Environment and Society
    GEOG/INTL A101
    Local Places/Global Regions: An Introduction to Geography
    PHIL A303
    Environmental Ethics
    SOC A101
    Introduction to Sociology
    SOC A404
    Environmental Sociology
    Total80
    Pre-Health Professions Option
    BIOL A108Principles and Methods in Biology6
    BIOL A492Undergraduate Seminar1
    CHEM A105
    A105L
    General Chemistry I
    and General Chemistry I Laboratory
    4
    CHEM A106
    A106L
    General Chemistry II
    and General Chemistry II Laboratory
    4
    PHYS A123
    A123L
    College Physics I
    and College Physics I Laboratory
    4
    PHYS A124
    A124L
    College Physics II
    and College Physics II Laboratory
    4
    Complete 57 credits of degree electives, of which a minimum of 31 must be upper-division, from the following course lists:57
    Natural Sciences
    Complete a minimum of 24 credits from the following:
    BIOL A111
    Human Anatomy and Physiology I
    BIOL A112
    Human Anatomy and Physiology II
    BIOL/CPLX A200
    Introduction to Complexity
    BIOL A240
    Introductory Microbiology for Health Sciences
    or MBIO A340
    MBIO A342
    Microbial Biology
    and Experiential Learning: Microbial Biology
    BIOL A242
    Fundamentals of Cell Biology
    BIOL A243
    Experiential Learning: Cell Biology and Genetics
    BIOL A252
    Principles of Genetics
    BIOL A288
    Principles of Evolution
    BIOL A310
    Principles of Animal Physiology
    BIOL A311
    Experiential Learning: Animal Physiology
    BIOL A320
    Vertebrate Biology
    BIOL A321
    Experiential Learning: Vertebrate Biology
    BIOL A408
    Experiential Learning: Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM)
    BIOL A412
    Behavioral Endocrinology
    BIOL A413
    Neurophysiology
    BIOL A414
    Chronobiology
    BIOL A415
    Comparative Animal Physiology
    BIOL A417
    Applied Kinesiology and Exercise Physiology
    BIOL A452
    Human Genome
    BIOL A455
    Experiential Learning: Bioinformatics
    BIOL/CHEM/PHYS A456
    Nonlinear Dynamics and Chaos
    BIOL A461
    Molecular Biology
    BIOL A463
    Molecular Biology of Cancer
    BIOL A464
    Metals in Biology
    BIOL A465
    Experiential Learning: Molecular Biology
    BIOL/CHEM A471
    Immunology
    BIOL A487
    Comparative Anatomy of Vertebrates
    BIOL A489
    Population Genetics and Evolutionary Processes
    BIOL A490
    Selected Lecture Topics in Biology
    BIOL A490L
    Selected Laboratory Topics in Biology
    BIOL A495A
    Internship in the Biological Sciences
    BIOL A498
    Individual Research
    BIOM A418
    Human Gross Anatomy
    CHEM A312
    Quantitative Analysis
    CHEM A321
    Organic Chemistry I
    CHEM A322
    Organic Chemistry II
    CHEM A323L
    Organic Chemistry Laboratory
    CHEM A411
    Biophysical Chemistry
    CHEM A441
    Principles of Biochemistry I
    CHEM A442
    Principles of Biochemistry II
    CHEM A443
    Biochemistry Laboratory
    CHEM A492
    Undergraduate Seminar
    CHEM A498
    Individual Research
    MBIO A410
    Microbial Physiology
    MBIO A420
    Pathogenic Microbiology
    MBIO A421
    Experiential Learning: Pathogenic Microbiology
    MBIO A451
    Microbial Biotechnology
    MBIO A452
    Microbial Genetics
    MBIO A462
    Virology
    Social Sciences
    Complete a minimum of 15 credits from the following:
    ANTH A101
    Introduction to Anthropology
    ANTH A205
    Biological Anthropology
    ANTH A452
    Culture and Human Biodiversity
    ANTH A455
    Culture and Health
    ANTH A490
    Selected Topics in Anthropology
    ECON A201
    Principles of Macroeconomics
    ECON A202
    Principles of Microeconomics
    HS A210
    Introduction to Environmental Health
    HS A220
    Core Concepts in the Health Sciences
    HS A230
    Introduction to Global Health
    HS A326
    Introduction to Epidemiology
    HS A370
    Medical Sociology
    HS A492
    Senior Seminar: Contemporary Health Policy
    KIN A383
    Movement Theory and Motor Development
    KIN A384
    Cultural and Psychological Aspects of Health and Physical Activity
    PHIL A302
    Biomedical Ethics
    PSY A111
    Introduction to Psychology
    PSY A143
    Death and Dying
    PSY A150
    Lifespan Development
    PSY A200
    Introduction to Behavior Analysis
    PSY A260
    Statistics for Psychology
    PSY A260L
    Statistics for Psychology Lab
    PSY A261
    Research Methods in Psychology
    PSY A261L
    Research Methods in Psychology Laboratory
    PSY A316
    Motivation and Emotion
    PSY A345
    Abnormal Psychology
    PSY A366
    Sensation and Perception
    PSY A367
    Cognitive Psychology
    PSY A368
    Personality
    PSY A370
    Behavioral Neuroscience
    PSY A375
    Social Psychology
    PSY A398
    Individual Research
    PSY A400
    Strategies of Behavior Change
    PSY A412
    History of Psychology
    PSY A425
    Clinical Psychology
    PSY A428
    Evolutionary Psychology
    PSY A442
    Psychopathology of Childhood and Adolescence
    PSY A447
    Behavioral Treatment of Autism Spectrum Disorder
    PSY A450
    Adult Development and Aging
    PSY A455
    Interventions for Challenging Behavior
    PSY A485
    Health Psychology
    PSY A498
    Individual Research
    PSY A499A
    Developing Psychological Research
    SOC A370
    Medical Sociology
    Math and Computational Skills
    Complete a minimum of 9 credits from the following:
    MATH A221
    Applied Calculus for Managerial and Social Sciences
    or MATH A251
    Calculus I
    MATH A252
    Calculus II
    MATH A253
    Calculus III
    MATH A261
    Introduction to Discrete Mathematics
    MATH A265
    Fundamentals of Mathematics
    MATH A302
    Ordinary Differential Equations
    MATH A305
    Introduction to Geometries
    MATH A306
    Discrete Methods
    MATH A314
    Linear Algebra
    MATH A371
    Stochastic Processes
    MATH A401
    Introduction to Real Analysis
    MATH A405
    Introduction to Abstract Algebra
    MATH A407
    Mathematical Statistics
    MATH A410
    Introduction to Complex Analysis
    MATH A432
    Partial Differential Equations
    MATH A490
    Selected Topics in Mathematics
    MATH A498
    Individual Research
    STAT A253
    Applied Statistics for the Sciences
    or STAT A307
    Probability and Statistics
    STAT A308
    Intermediate Statistics for the Sciences
    STAT A402
    Scientific Sampling
    STAT A403
    Regression Analysis
    STAT A404
    Analysis of Variance
    STAT A407
    Time Series Analysis
    STAT A408
    Multivariate Statistics
    Total80
    General Sciences Option
    BIOL A108Principles and Methods in Biology6
    CHEM A105
    A105L
    General Chemistry I
    and General Chemistry I Laboratory
    4
    CHEM A106
    A106L
    General Chemistry II
    and General Chemistry II Laboratory
    4
    GEOL A111
    A111L
    Physical Geology
    and Physical Geology Laboratory
    4
    GEOL A221Historical Geology4
    PHYS A123
    A123L
    College Physics I
    and College Physics I Laboratory
    4
    or PHYS A211
    A211L
    General Physics I
    and General Physics I Laboratory
    PHYS A124
    A124L
    College Physics II
    and College Physics II Laboratory
    4
    or PHYS A212
    A212L
    General Physics II
    and General Physics II Laboratory
    BIOL A492Undergraduate Seminar1
    Complete an additional 49 credits of degree electives. The credits may come from the following course lists:49
    Environmental Sciences Option Course Lists (see above)
    Pre-Health Professions Option Course Lists (see above)
    ASTR A103
    Solar System Astronomy
    ASTR A103L
    Solar System Astronomy Laboratory
    ASTR A104
    Stars, Galaxies and Cosmology
    ASTR A104L
    Stars, Galaxies and Cosmology Laboratory
    EE/PHYS A314
    Electromagnetics
    EE/PHYS A324
    Electromagnetics II
    PHYS A311
    Intermediate Classical Mechanics
    PHYS A320
    Simulation of Physical Systems
    PHYS A403
    Quantum Mechanics
    PHYS A413
    Statistical and Thermal Physics
    PHYS A498
    Individual Research
    At least two of the following disciplines must be represented at the upper-division level: astronomy, biology, chemistry, geology, mathematics, physics, statistics
    Total80

    A minimum of 120 credits is required for the degree, of which 42 credits must be upper-division.

 * Courtesy of Camai Cassey, M.B.A, JCTC, JCDC; Cook Inlet Tribal Council, Inc.
 * Courtesy of Laura Williams Ph.D., Assistant Professor, Providence College